Category Education


Computer and electronic translations: how accurate are they?


  •     I. Introduction
  •    II. Antithesis
  •   III. Testing the thesis
  •   IV. Investigation and research
  •    V. Thesis
  •   VI. Addressing the problem of Tradumatica
  •  VII. Direction and focus
  • VIII. Summary
  •   IX. Recommendations
  •    X. Bibliography
  •   XI. Web links annotated
  •  XII. End Notes

I.  Introduction

I was reading a student essay in the eighth cycle at a university in Perú where I have taught for several disappointing and discouraging years.  To my dismay, after having the son of an evangelical minister complain when I failed his paper that was 100% plagiarized, his lamentation equaling that of the other student. Both young people attempted to justify the theft of intellectual property by stating that he had been taught that in the local schools...

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Intriguing Prose in Academic Research: Bringing Life to Scientific Papers


I. Abstract

II. Caveats

III. Introduction

IV. Encyclopedic Theses

V. Narrowing the Research Topic

VI. Narrowing the Question

VII. Critical Reading

VIII. Critical Writing

IX. Succinct Academic Writing

X. Attracting the Reader’s Attention

XI. Critical Composition

XII. Paragraphs in Composition

XIII. Correlative Paragraphs

XIV. Connections, Conjunctions, and Transitions

XV. Clarity of Expression

XVI. Punctuation

XVII. Conclusion

XVIII. Recommendations

XIX. Bibliography

XX. End notes


All academic theses have abstracts.1 Abstracts let the reader decide whether or not to continue to read the thesis, and show the reader what to look for if he or she does read the thesis.

No abstract should be inserted merely to repeat the outline of the thesis...

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Attacking Academic Excellence, Scientific Inquiry and Dumbing-down Education in Perú and the Third World


I. Abstract

II. Introduction

III. Educational Costs are Limiting Academic Learning

IV. Religion is Circumscripting Learning

V. University Ratings: Worldwide with Focus on Perú

VI. Low National Scores

VII. Wealth and Fear of Progress

VIII. No Books, Bad Books, Pirated Books

IX. Intellectual Property and Degree Mills

X. For-profit Universities: Murdering Education for Money

XI. Benchmarking: Steps to Successful Scientific and Academic Research

XII. Identifying Potential Partners

XIII. Identifying Data Sources

XIV. Establishing Process Differences

XV. Targeting Future Performance

XVI. Communicative Process

XVII. Adjusting Research Goal

XVIII. Review and Recalibrating Research

XIX. Calibration and Recalibration in Learning Areas

XX. Conclusion and Recommendations

XXI. Bibliography


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Writing an interesting academic thesis


I. Introduction to this essay

II. Abstract

III. Encyclopedic Theses

IV. Narrowing the Research Topic

V. Narrowing the Question

VI. Critical Reading

VII. Critical Writing

VIII. Succinct Academic Writing

IX. Attracting the Reader’s Attention

X. Critical Composition

XI. Paragraphs in Composition

XII. Correlative Paragraphs

XIII. Connections, Conjunctions, and Transitions

XIV. Clarity of Expression

XV. Punctuation

XVI. Conclusion

XVII. Bibliography

XVIII. Citations (Footnotes)


When it comes rising to the challenge of writing anything, many people are afraid. Those catechized with the opportunity to present themselves and their ideas in written format, frequently stammer the time-worn cliché: “I freeze up”...

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Academic Writing for Publication


I. Introduction

II. Background

III. Antithesis

IV. Antethesis

V. Protothesis

VI. Synthesis

VII. Reiteration of Rubric: Reality of Academic Writing

VIII. Peer Review

IX. Adversarial Reviews

X. Meeting the challenge in mastering the English language

XI. Academic Writing Requirements

XII. Summary

XIII. Recommendations

XIV. Bibliography

XV. Footnotes


In academia, investigation, research (research is frequently confused with investigation, although in Academic English they mean different aspects in the conduct of inquiry), writing, rewriting, editing, redacting, and publishing is conducted in several sets of forms and genres, not all that are geared, directed, responsive to or a part of the author’s field of specialization to the lamentable loss of true scholarship...

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Psychology, Philosophy, Publication, and Ethical Research Guidelines in all Fields of Study: Preparation for Writing an Original, Quality Thesis


In cases where I am called on to review a thesis or dissertation, I hesitate, frequently decline, and (with rare exceptions) I feel fear, then ultimately despair at the puerile paucity of knowledge that is contained in poorly invested, investigated, and roughly researched papers that aspire to the title and name of thesis—yet have nothing in common with a real thesis.1  The theses that I have read over the past fifty years have been at best blatant, bland, barren, crass “cut-and-past”, or more precisely, bypassing deliberate plagiarism to outright theft of intellectual property rights.2  This has become so common, that I walk away with an apologia at best, or just express my “regrets” that I am not capable of weighing in on the theses as most writers assume that “by pa...

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Investigation: First tool toward a definition of fact

Galileo on Intellect over Fantasy


I. Introduction

II. Abstract

III. Introduction

IV. Asking Questions, Initiating Investigation

V. The Investigative Process

VI. Original Sources not Understood or Ignored

VII. Established Opinions vs. Truth

VIII. Barriers and Authorities

IX. Interrogation vs. Interview

X. Interview Preparation

XI. Communication Skills

XII. Ethics and Investigation

XIII. Group Think

XIV.  Bibliography

XV. End Notes


Investigation is commonly defined in the current era as being associated with criminal (White collar1  and Blue collar2 behavior, actions, and various consequences ranging from theft to murder-for-hire and assassination, and more,3 while the practitioners of this sleuthfoot/gumshoed/shamus4 operation do use basic principles of investigation...

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Education in Perú 2013

Perú secondary students unable to answer simple questions
American College (a Kindergarten) in Chiclayo, Perú

American College (a Kindergarten) in Chiclayo, Perú

The nation of Perú has the worst education in the world today (2012-2013), as it has had in the past. Perú’s primary schools (some even delight in calling their centers “colleges” rather than colegios) are  as bad as the secondary schools and “pre-university” institutes. Perú’s universities are not even recognized in the top 400 universities in the world.1 The only two nations with an overall score lower than Perú are Azerbaijan and Kyrgyzstan.  The greatest loss to Perú is that less than 1% of all students were performing at the highest level, even with foreign investment (World Bank, primarily) and volunteer teachers from around the world.2

Perú statistics on education do not match those compiled internationally...

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Assessing Teachers

Cell phones increase cheating

Teachers are in a rare and wonderful role of responsibility not only for their wards and students but also for themselves as beacons of light to learning prowess because they have the future of the people that they teach in their charge: in the words that they use that will enable or disable learning among the scholars present, in their use of or abuse of reference materials from papyrus to cuneiform and scrolls to modern methods to capture, contain and channel information in book format or in the Internet if the latter is handled well and it is known as a tool with limits that can add dimensions to the learning process—and even in their hands that will write on black or white boards, prepare papers to be used in discussion or fashion visuals that may include slides, PowerPoint presentatio...

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Ethics in Education, Teaching, Research and Investigation

Ethics in education is as important as ethics in the educational process.  Education (from the Latin educationem that came from the root educare was a series of social codes and manners to live well but evolved to mean a systematic stylized school and training for work usually within government or religion and is related to the homonym ēdūcō (“I lead forth, I take out; I raise up, I erect”) from ē- (“from, out of”) and dūcō (“I lead, I conduct”) indicating selflessness and the fulfillment of social ethics) is defined as the action or the process of imparting or acquiring general to specific knowledge, developing and expanding the powers of reasoning, critical analysis and ultimately reaching a serious and circumspective judgment, and generally of preparing oneself or others intellec...

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