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Critical thinking, Dirty Wars, Prostitution in the Vatican and 3 bad popes

Critical thinking is essential to realize effective learning and productive thinking.  Critical thinking makes thinking better, being based on fact rather than fiction, emotion, or personal preference, more plausible, persuasive, possible, probable and realistic, rational, and reliable while enhancing the real and figurative worlds where ideas equal foundations of thoughts and actions that entails and leads to self-improvement generated from skills in using established and creating new standards by which a person appropriately, actually, and artistically assesses thinking.1  These skills lead to a better environment and effervescent eternality toward a time and clime that reaches toward the elusive level of perfection or a quality that is not considered natural but is a part of nature that is understood as a part of intellectual standards that breach and buttress internalized intellectuality and intellectualism. This is best seen in the role and distinctive diagnostic distinctions of the teacher who routinely and rigidly makes a discipline more alive and livable with am ever widening weltanschauung between rational reasoning and subjective reaction leading to a positive pristine patterned effect rather than one preplanned patently as if it were a unsheathed scabbard to slice away antediluvian advancement in thinking or to open sluice gates of gathered intellectual property that one self-styled saviour believes in an open domain without rules or regulations.

Pope Francis I and Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI

Pope Francis I and Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI

Critical thinking will be encouraged by savants and intellectualized illuminati who are confessors to a cause that encourages students who do not simply serenade and stand sentry to assertations and papalizatory preachifications of what is assumed to be fact but in fact is either fantasy or fraud as with the Neanderthal-inspired Lumen fidei that was originally drafted by Josef Ratzinger (Benedict XVI) but finalized by the greatest enemy of human rights, civil rights, and human freedom: Jorge Mario Bergoglio (Francis I), who, like his predecessors retreats into a dark age of ignorance, incomprehension and incapacitated insensitivity of basic human history hortatorily harboring hatred by breathing fabricated translations of fourth century CE created cartoons crafted to suppress human dignity.

Bergoglio and Argentina's Dirty War

Bergoglio and Argentina’s Dirty War

Bergoglio, in quest of undisguised personal sainthood is a contradiction of himself, from supporting civil unions while cardinal of Argentina in 2010,2 to opposing the same in 2013, the wiley archbishop of Beunos Aires turned a dead eye to the murder of infants and pregnants women who opposed the plutocracy and the dictatorship spawning genocide in the USA-backed Dirty Wars as a way to “cleanse communism” but roared like the sychophantic sacerdotal schizophrenic archbishop of Lima: Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne more of a menace than a protector of mortalkind.  These unholy and worldly men raced for preferences and prelatures ambly awarded by the Polish and later German pedophile protecting popes with Ratzinger’s crimes soaring past his predecessors and contemporaries.

Ratzinger (Benedict XVI) was charged with crimes against humanity and the case initiated at the International Criminal Court 3  Surprisingly, Ratzinger’s crimes against humanity were pushed by two German lawyers, Christian Sailer and Gert-Joachim Hetzel from the Pope’s home state of Bavaria, who submitted a 16,500-word document4  indicting the Pope for various crimes against humanity. The charges allege that Pope Benedict preserved and directed an institution responsible for the coercion, extortion and subjugation of its members. Specific charges included in the scathing document details how the German pope consciously endangered the health of Roman Catholics and others by forbidding the use of condoms, as well as enabling and promoting the sexual abuse of children by clergy, with Ratzinger urging his predecessor and the Curia to ignore charges and transfer pedophiles to other dioceses or allow them to flee their home diocese and take up pastoral duties elsewhere–where the pedophiles continued to prey on little girls and boys.5 The entire lawsuit against Ratzinger is here.6

ngelo Balducci papal usher procured prostitutes in Vatican

Angelo Balducci papal usher procured prostitutes in Vatican

Ratzinger is the first Emeritus Pope, being forced to resign after a Vatican cartel of priests and bishops were linked to a homosexual ring, including Angelo Balducci, an usher known as a Gentleman to His Holiness who solicited male prostitutes who were brought to the Vatican by chorister, Ghinedu Thomas Ehiem who had moved from Nigeria to the Vatican.   Ehiem procured at least 10 contacts for Mr Balducci, including a male model and a rugby player,  finding men on the Pianeta Escort (Planet Escort) website and set up encounters between them and Balducci at his apartment in Rome. For his “good work” Ehiem received between 50 to 100 euros “but never more than 1000 to 1500 a year” the choirster told La Repubblica.  Ratzinger, as the press noted, was “aware of this problem.”7

Victims of USA-backed Argentine Dirty War

Victims of USA-backed Argentine Dirty War

Intimately and loyally a conspirator with the vicious, vile, and vulturine CIA, sent more than thirty thousand Argentines to their deaths after being kidnapped, raped, tortured, and defamed, being executed by henchmen of the Argentine Neo-Nazi military trained by the cutthroats in the military of the USA—and said nothing matching the ministrations of the monstrous Pope Pius XII or the even more obscene flagellating operative of the odiously opportunistic Opus Dei, the unsaintly and brutal and barbaric Karol Wojtyła (John Paul II),8 who practiced regular self-flagellation that not only in for self-mortification, but psychologically is an act in which the participants receive erotic stimulation from whipping or being whipped (the practice was common in the 13th and 14th centuries, remains practiced regularly in the Philippine Islands, and there is one convent in Peru devoted to the practice).

John Paul II chastising Father Ernesto Cardenal for speaking out for the poor.

John Paul II chastising Father Ernesto Cardenal for speaking out for the poor.

While the misdeeds of this evil Argentine pope outstripped and surpassed those of the predatory pontiff Karol Wojtyła who did nothing to protect the young (he took no action against clerical pedophiles, forbade the use of condoms when AIDS was epidemic especially in Africa where women suffered more than men under this equal opportunity virus, denied women their right to control their own bodies—leading to the Italian pediatrician Gianna Beretta Molla dying in 1962 days after giving birth to her fourth child after being refused an abortion that would have saved her life by removing the fetus and a tumor in her uterus—although the Polish pope declared her Saint Gianna while praising her “extreme sacrifice”9—forbidding victims of rape and incest to abort even when carrying an unwanted and unhealthy fetus to term would doom them to a grave, etc.10 who singled out priests for pushing “liberation theology” for public chastisement.11  Bergoglio sent more than one-hundred fifty Jesuits to their death, despite the fact he was also a Jesuit who had taken a vow of confraternity with his community.12

Jorge Mario Bergoglio turned on Jesuits who fought for Liberation Theology and rights of the poor.

Jorge Mario Bergoglio turned on Jesuits who fought for Liberation Theology and rights of the poor.

Two Jesuit priests, Orlando Yorio and Franz Jalics, were kidnapped by the military and held and tortured for five months, in 1976.13  Bergoglio publicly called for the priests to be expelled from the Jesuit Order for refusing to comply with his order that they stop working among the poor in the slum of Flores in Buenos Aires and, thereby, left the priests unprotected from abduction by the military.  Many Argentine priests followed the example of Bergoglio and offered communion and support to the perpetrators of these crimes: military dictators and their staff who were installed by the nefarious government of the USA who paid and trained assassins who were not humbled by the North American dollar or yielded to the unscrupulous terrorist tactics of the CIA and FBI who openly paid informers and assassins in Argentina.

The Church and Argentina's Dirty Wars

The Church and Argentina’s Dirty Wars

Bergoglio and priests loyal to the Argentine prelates worked for the CIA and FBI continued to expose other priests and laity14 even after the execution of two bishops, including Enrique Angelelli 15 who spoke out adamantly for the rights of workers and was opposed by Bergoglio and his gang of goons.16 because of Angelelli’s work for the poor and the laboring class. Worse, leading church figures from the cardinal archbishop of Argentina to the papal nuncio were complicit in the regime’s abuses: rapes, torture, and murder (disguised as “disappearances”.17

Bergoglio's private mass for Videla

Bergoglio’s private mass for Videla

Fortunato Mallimacci, a former dean at the University of Buenos Aires, stated that history condemns Bergoglio. “[History] shows him to be opposed to all innovation in the church and above all, during the dictatorship, it shows he was very cozy with the dictatorship.”18  This was supported by Human Rights attorney Myriam Bregman, who told the AP that “the dictatorship could not have operated [so brutally] without this key support.” 19  Bergoglio has never denied his part in the brutal crack down and the murder of women, children and infants, but has excused it as happening during a time of crisis.

Father Christian von Wernich defended himself as a servant of Christ. Received life sentence for his role in genocide of Argentines.

Father Christian von Wernich defended himself as a servant of Christ. Received life sentence for his role in genocide of Argentines.

One priest, Father Christian von Wernich,20 was a former police chaplain and later sentenced to life in prison for involvement in seven murders, 42 kidnappings and 31 cases of torture during the ‘Dirty War.’ At the trial of Father Christian von Wernich,21 witnesses testified how the priest used his position to gain their trust before passing information to police, who tortured victims– sometimes in von Wernich’s presence– and sometimes killed them.  Von Wernich never expressed remorse for his role, but claimed he was acting for the good of Christ and His Church.22  Wernich never once separated his Christ (first used to describe the senior magician in ancient Egypt)23 from the Jesus of the New Testament). Senior military commanders justified the regime’s appalling practice of dumping drugged and tortured ‘Dirty War’ prisoners into the sea from airplanes, known as ‘death flights,’ where military doctors sedated the victims, senior officers stripped them naked, and other officers pushed them into the Pacific Ocean.

Adolfo Francisco Scilingo

Adolfo Francisco Scilingo

Navy commander Adolfo Francisco Scilingo, admitted he pushed at least 30 victims off of the plane to their deaths,24 claiming “he was following orders”—identical to the claim of NAZI officers justified their actions during World War II 25, and unnamed military priest absolved the murderers claiming the killings “had to be done to separate the wheat from the chaff” citing Matthew 3:12: ου το πτυον εν τη χειρι αυτου και διακαθαριει την αλωνα αυτου και συναξει τον σιτον αυτου εις την αποθηκην το δε αχυρον κατακαυσει πυρι ασβεστωand Luke 3:17: ου το πτυον εν τη χειρι αυτου και διακαθαριει την αλωνα αυτου και συναξει τον σιτον εις την αποθηκην αυτου το δε αχυρον κατακαυσει πυρι ασβεστω, Revelation 21:8: δειλοις δε και απιστοις και εβδελυγμενοις και φονευσιν και πορνοις και φαρμακευσιν και ειδωλολατραις και πασιν τοις ψευδεσιν το μερος αυτων εν τη λιμνη τη καιομενη πυρι και θειω ο εστιν δευτερος θανατος; it is from an ancient Babylonian account that was plagiarized into Job 21:8: זַרְעָם נָכֹון לִפְנֵיהֶם עִםָּם וְצֶאֱצָאֵיהֶם לְעֵינֵיהֶם׃, and Daniel 2:35: בֵּאדַיִן דָּקוּ כַחֲדָה פַּרְזְלָא חַסְפָּא נְחָשָׁא כַּסְפָּא וְדַהֲבָא וַהֲוֹו כְּעוּר מִן־אִדְּרֵי־קַיִט וּנְשָׂא הִמֹּון רוּחָא וְכָל־אֲתַר לָא־הִשְׁתֲּכַח לְהֹון וְאַבְנָא דִּי־מְחָת לְצַלְמָא הֲוָת לְטוּר רַב וּמְלָת כָּל־אַרְעָא׃; cp. Isaiah 41:16 and Jeremiah 15:7: וָאֶזְרֵם בְּמִזְרֶה בְּשַׁעֲרֵי הָאָרֶץ שִׁכַּלְתִּי אִבַּדְתִּי אֶת־עַמִּי מִדַּרְכֵיהֶם לֹוא־שָׁבוּ׃; and 51:12) by noting at the trials that the Roman Catholic Church sanctioned the missions as “a Christian form of death.”

Adolfo Francisco Scilingo

Adolfo Francisco Scilingo

The savagery that the Argentine church-backed death squads vented upon men, women, and children at the command of the CIA and necromantic government of Ronald Reagan became the modus operandi of the blood-drenched dampened demonic darkness that Alberto Fujimori and his favored fawning favorite Vladimiro Montesinos was foisted onto Perú and its chief clerical criminal conspirator in Peru: Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne.

"Human rights are not for 'fools'" (literally, fools is a word for assholes): Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne of Peru

“Human rights are not for ‘fools'” (literally, fools is a word for assholes): Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne of Peru

The Primate of Peru is a member of Opus Dei and the son of parents who were members of Opus Dei, and advocates the overthrow of democracy in Perú.  The potty-mouthed predatorial prelated wants to “reestablish a theocracy” in the South American nation and install a Holy Inquisition to root out heresy and proclaimed that the Shining Path’s leader26 (and members) should be executed to protect the Roman Catholic Church and declared that Peruvians who opposed the death penalty were cowards.27   When not smoking cigarettes (the official claim of the cardinal), Cipriani Thorne, Peru’s equal to Bergoglio, championed the campaigns and extravagances of Alberto Fujimori who had thousands of “mountain people” sterilized, and did not speak out against the dictator’s death squads that were led by Vladimiro Montesinos’ Colinas (paid assassins) who killed an entire class from Lima’s La Cantuta University (The National University of Education Enrique Guzmán y Valle) that Peru’s resident fascist Congressista Martha Chavez applauded and wanted to tear down the memorial to the slain martyrs when their family went to visit their remains.28

Cipriani Thorne who is repeatedly denied the role of head of the Peru Council of Roman Catholic Bishops,29 has been accused of assassinating his predecessor,30 and who is listed as assisting Keiko Fujimori in spiriting millions of dollars worth of gold from Machu Picchu to enrich her father at that time in exile in Japan,31 openly discriminates, lies, and castigates those who do not agree with him,32 has not a clue what the Jesus of his bible said 33 and would become a cardinal in the same rank and putrefied way as Bergoglio.  Like the Argentine prelate, Cipriani Thorne was considered a possible pope before the election of Ratzinger.34

When the Jesuits disappeared, Bergoglio said nothing fearing danger from the military savages that caring for the priests, yet today the Argentine pope praises those who “suffer to protect those unprotected,” ignoring his own hypocrisy.35

The three bad popes synopsized and truncated in this account illustrate how history can be rewritten; psychology is ignored along with a diminution of social understanding and the approach to a general appreciation of all perspectives and development of a better world order. Scholarship rejects the implantation and hybridization of any singular thesis based on whimsy or bias, the tools used by the three bad popes: Wojtyła, Ratzinger, and Bergoglio. All three mortal men draconically determined, on their own, based on the writings of other mortal men what is the call and role of woman. The least scholarly of this tepid trinity is Ratzinger who follows the old school of memorization without any questioning of past traditions or quest for the original intent rejecting all tenets of the conduct of inquisitorial inquiry. Gender is rejected as a criterion in critical thinking, as all things have equality before truth. Absurdities are buttressed by citations to past records that in truth do not exist, as with the obnoxious Lumen fidei that was authored by Ratzinger and finalized by Bergoglio.  It is based around an archaic translation of marriage, allegedly found in the record named after its first word: Genesis.  The key passage is:

The first setting in which faith enlightens the human city is the family. I think first and foremost of the stable union of man and woman in marriage. This union is born of their love, as a sign and presence of God’s own love, and of the acknowledgment and acceptance of the goodness of sexual differentiation, whereby spouses can become one flesh (cf. Gen 2:24) and are enabled to give birth to a new life, a manifestation of the Creator’s goodness, wisdom and loving plan. Grounded in this love, a man and a woman can promise each other mutual love in a gesture which engages their entire lives and mirrors many features of faith. Promising love for ever is possible when we perceive a plan bigger than our own ideas and undertakings, a plan which sustains us and enables us to surrender our future entirely to the one we love. Faith also helps us to grasp in all its depth and richness the begetting of children, as a sign of the love of the Creator who entrusts us with the mystery of a new person.

While there is nothing illegal about this encyclical, it is immoral and unethical.  It is the work of men desperate to cling on to power who are willing to distort original text (that was plagiarized from far older sources than the one cited—that being the Codex Vaticanus 36, that was the invention of Constantine in his commission of 331 CE to bishop Eusebius of Caesarea to create fifty bibles for the churches in the east after the emperor had burned most ancient gospels and epistles at his Council of Nicaea in 325 CE).  According to Eusebius, Constantine I wrote him in his letter:

I have thought it expedient to instruct your Prudence to order fifty copies of the sacred Scriptures, the provision and use of which you know to be most needful for the instruction of the Church, to be written on prepared parchment in a legible manner, and in a convenient, portable form, by professional transcribers thoroughly practiced in their art.37

About accomplishing the Emperor’s demand:

Such were the emperor’s commands, which were followed by the immediate execution of the work itself, which we sent him in magnificent and elaborately bound volumes of a threefold and fourfold form.38

There is no precision, no honesty, no credibility, no historicity, nothing that proves the pontiffs bleat, as the verse does not contain the word “spouses”, nor “man and his wife”: על כן יעזב איש את אביו ואת אמו ודבק באשתו והיו לבשר אחד׃. The  issue turns on the argument that “man” (from Akkadian and Phoenician manna as bread or beginning being an interrogative pronoun and not a direct noun), and “wife” (a proper noun for a goddess and a heifer and does not mean “woman”: אִשָּׁה: ishshah) are references to those who are working together.  It can also mean “hen” and more exactly, it means “helpmate” and has no direct gender identifier.

Ratzinger’s “scholarship” is nothing more and nothing less than rote memorization without understanding and without appreciation of the nuances of language. Critical investigation, research and thinking demands a rejection of the protestations of the three evil popes and their attack human rights and civil liberties, as there is no record that enjoins, conjoins or holds together their arguments that are self-styled if not self-created from faulty reading to deliberate mistranslation and misinterpretation of the original sources.

The word “marriage” does not appear until the medieval age in Europe, with the term first used in 1250 but not recorded until 1300 CE.  Marriages were civil unions and created by relatives to ensure peace and existed long before the introduction or invention of either Judaism or Christianity—antedating Babylon and older civilizations.39  There were no priests or other religious figures officiating at any “marriage” (known as a betrothal) and divorce was anticipated as possible but hoped not so as to ensure continuity of the family fortune of whatever size. In Mesopotamia, the wife was considered equal to the rest of the members of the family and the “husband” (sustainer) gave the mate presents (especially a nudunnu that was the bride’s to keep regardless if the marriage failed or one partner died) and provisions.40

Marriages were contractual arrangements, and in most recorded situations there is no record of any love or desire; children were the product of accidents as the realities of sex were barely known and less appreciated.  There is no civil record that states that a civil union was arranged for the birth (or “begetting”) of children, with many unwanted children being exposed to wild animals, sacrificed by communities, or murdered by parents or other siblings, especially with the introduction of primogeniture and inheritance rules where only the oldest male would inherit. The term “matrimony” is a hybrid word stemming from mater (mother) and monium signifying action or a condition,41 usually understood as an action the mother of a son or daughter would introduce to fine the child a protector and partner, but there are cases where a mother accepted the advances of another mother who wanted her child (of the same gender) to become “bonded” with the first woman’s child who was bigger, stronger, or richer and would provide for the second woman’s child or children, as monogamy was not the initial rule or regulation for marriage, with its initial start being only 20,000 years ago and then only with an increase of Y chromosomes that led to an increase in the male effective population size.42

Polygyny is the result of too many women and too few men and is not found in any religious literature—but then the Torah is strictly polygynous, with all patriarchs having harems and battles were by stealth and/or deceit, as was the case of Joshua and Jericho although the account in the Torah is a redaction of an old Assyrian tale of a war with a giant whale (Rahab).  The account of Rahab being a prostitute is fanciful and wrong translation as the prostitution was selling out her people for the “man” Joshua. In the alleged genealogy of Jesus43, Rahab is associated with three other “women”, all from sources older than any Hebrew tribe: Ruth, Tamar, and Bath-Sheba.

Walls of Jericho 8500-2011 BCE

Walls of Jericho 8500-2011 BCE

In Joshua 2:1, Rahab (the word correctly translates as “broad,” “large”; Greek: Ῥαάβ and was never a name for a woman until 418 CE) is an innkeeper where the spies (usually two in number) went in quest of lodging.  Hebrews 11:31 includes Rahab among the faithful along with Sarah. The three bad popes (Wojtyła, Ratzinger, and Bergoglio) regularly overlook this, preferring elementary language learning over any in-depth analysis.  The walls of Jericho, located at Tell es-Sultan, never “tumbled down” because of trumpets, although a few minor walls collapsed because of an earthquake.  The Jews were not there at the time, but were Apiru mercenaries fighting for the Akkadian guards in Egypt.  By radiocarbon dating, the walls stood intact until 1500 BCE, at least one-hundred years before the man/myth of Joshua appears.44

There was neither a religious ceremony nor any codification of marriage in the early Christian community (60-325 CE) nor in the early Church once it was established by the Emperor Constantine I in 325 CE at his Council of Nicaea.  Only Ignatius of Antioch wrote about marriage (around 110 CE) and then to only one person (bishop Polycarp of Smyrna) arguing that such an arrangement would be “according to God, and not after their own lust.” 45 Same-sex marriages did take place in Europe, legally, until 342 CE, when the Theodosian Code 46 imposed severe penalties or death 47—because the number of males who could serve in the military had dropped significantly.48

  1. Paschen, Harm; Wigger, Lothar; Fitzgibbons, Robert; et al. (1992).  Pädagogisches Argumentieren. Weinheim, Deutschland: Deutscher Studien Verlag. Bd. 12 of Beiträge zur Theorie und Geschichte der Erziehungswissenschaft.  Cp. Lunney, Margaret, and Georg, Jũrgen (2007). Arbeitsbuch Pflegediagnostik: pflegerische Entscheidungsfindung, kritische Denken und diagnostischer Prozess – Fallstudien und – analysen. Bern, Deutschland: Huber. On how critical thinking can be used in stimulating children and subsequent learning, ref.: Rallascio, Richard; Lafortune, Louise (2000). Pour une pensée en education. Sainte-Foy (Que. Canada): Presses de l’Université du Québec, and Sasseville, Michel; and, Gagnon, Mathieu (2007). Penser ensemble à l’école” des outils pour l’observation d’une communauté de recherché philosophique en action. Québec, QC: Presses de l’Université Laval. Cf. Lombardini, Siro (2001). Libertà per la ragione: riflessioni critiche sui promblemi e sugli indirizzi della filosofia contemporanea. Napoli, Italia: Vivarium; also: Thing, Morten; Bredsdorff, Nils; Christiansen, Niels Finn (2005). Det kritiske blik: nykritik, selvkritik, kunstkritik, kulturkritik, politisk kritik, kritik af den kritiske kritik, negative kritik, den nødvendige kritik. (København, Danmark): Tiderne Skifter.
  2. http://www.infonews.com/nota.php?id=80541&bienvenido=1.
  3. http://www.examiner.com/article/pope-benedict-xvi-charged-with-crimes-against-humanity.
  4. http://www.kanzlei-sailer.de/pope-lawsuit-2011.pdf.
  5. http://www.irishtimes.com/news/charges-initiated-against-pope-for-crimes-against-humanity-1.579617.
  6. http://www.kanzlei-sailer.de/pope-lawsuit-2011.pdf.
  7. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/8552804.stm.
  8. on John Paul II view http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VCts0fjsmug; on Opus Dei and flagellation, read http://www.opusdei.org/art.php?w=32&p=9316 and http://www.psychologicalscience.org/index.php/news/full-frontal-psychology/the-flagellation-effect-can-pain-compensate-for-immorality.html; cf. http://psychologydictionary.org/flagellation/; cp. further: http://www.gutenberg.org/files/13612/13612-8.txt.
  9. http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/john_paul_ii/homilies/2004/documents/hf_jp-ii_hom_20040516_canonizations_en.html; Molla, Pietro; Guerriero, Elio; Gasior, Piotr. (2003). Joanna kobieta męžna: blogoslawiona Jonna Beretta Molla we wspomnieniach męža. Kraków, Poland: (Dom Wydawniczy) Rafael coo.
  10. http://www.dadi.org/popeabrt.htm.
  11. Boccanera, Jorge A. (1999). Tierra que anda: los escritoires en el exilio. Rosario, Argentina: Ameghino. Graziano, Frank (1992). Divine violence: spectacle, psychosexuality & radical Christianity in the Argentine “dirty war”.  Boulder, CO, USA: Westview Press.  Corbatta, Jorgelina (1999). Narrativas de la Guerra Sucia en Argentina: Piglia, Saer, Valenzuela, Puig. Bs. As. (i.e. Buenos Aires): Corregidor. Baschetti, Roberto (2001-2011). Documentos, 1976-1977. La Plata, Buenos Aires: De La Campana.
  12. http://consortiumnews.com/2013/03/16/pope-francis-the-cia-and-death-squads/.
  13. Yorio, Orlando (1971). Dios y los Valores Humanos. Pontificia Universidad Católica Argentina: Faultad de Teología.
  14. Armory, Ariel C. (1999). Argentina, the United States, and the anti-Communist crusade in Central America, 1977-1984. Sage Public Administration Abstracts 26 No. 1.
  15. Angelelli, Enrique Angel and Rigueredo, Ramó (1983?). Mons. Enrique Angelelli, Obispo y Mártir. Buenos Aires (Argentina): Servicio Paz y Justicia en América Latina.
  16. http://berkleycenter.georgetown.edu/resources/people/enrique-angelelli
  17. Siwak, Pedro (2000). Víctimas y mártires de la decade del setenta en la Argentina: Mons. Enrique Angelelli, Padre Carlos Mugica, Padre Gabriel Longeville, Padre Carlos de Dios Murias, Wenceslao Pedernera, los padres palotinos—Pedro Dufau, Alfredo Leaden y Alfredo Kelly, los seminaristas Salvador Barbeito y Emilio Barletti, las hermanas Alice Domon y Léonie Duquet y otros. Buenos Aires (Argentina): Editorial Guadalupe.
  18. http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/03/13/us-pope-succession-bergoglio-idUSBRE92C15X20130313.
  19. Read more at: http://www.digitaljournal.com/article/345612#ixzz2YJlymYVP.
  20. Brienza, Hernán (2003). Maldito tú eres: el caso Von Wernich: iglesia y repression ilrhsl. Buenos Aires (Argentina): Marea Editorial.
  21. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/09/17/world/americas/17church.html?_r=0.
  22. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/7035294.stm.
  23. http://www.nbcnews.com/id/26972493/ns/technology_and_science-science/t/earliest-reference-describes-christ-magician/.
  24. Scilingo, Adolfo Francisco (1996?). Por siempre nunca mas! (Plata, Argentina?): Editorial del Plata. Cf. Verbitzky, Horacio (2005). Confessions of an Argentine Dirty Warrior. New York, NY, USA: Signature Books.
  25. http://www.nytimes.com/1995/03/13/world/argentine-tells-of-dumping-dirty-war-captives-into-sea.html?pagewanted=all&src=pm.
  26. http://www.odan.org/media_cipriani.htm.
  27. Final Report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, 3.3.1, at http://www.cverdad.org.pe/ifinal/pdf/TOMO%20III/CAPITULO%203%20-%20Org%20Sociales%20frente%20al%20conflicto/3.3.LA%20IGLESIA%20CATOLICA%20Y%20LA%20IGLESIA%20EVANGELICA.pdf.
  28. http://arthuride.wordpress.com/2011/12/03/martha-chavez-attack-on-peru-democracy/
  29. http://vaticaninsider.lastampa.it/en/world-news/detail/articolo/peru-peru-vescovi-bishops-obispos-12039/.
  30. http://bcc.rcav.org/04-04-26/intl.htm.
  31. http://arthuride.wordpress.com/2011/05/12/paititi-and-fujimori-corruption-theft-and-murder-in-peru/.
  32. http://www.catholicnewsagency.com/news/only-those-who-acknowledge-christ-can-be-fair-and-just-says-lima-cardinal/
  33. Cf. Matthew 7:1.
  34. http://www.digitaljournal.com/article/345612#ixzz2YJNLov91.
  35. On Bergoglio’s hypocrisy and lethargy in moving to aid victims until it was nearly too late or past time, along with favorable comments on his role as cardinal archbishop of Argentina, read http://www.newsmax.com/Newsfront/white-smoke-vatican-new/2013/03/13/id/494527 and http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-202_162-57574147/jorge-bergoglio-who-is-the-new-pope/.
  36. The Vatican, Bibl. Vat., Vat. gr. 1209; no. B or 03 Gregory-Aland, δ 1 von Soden.
  37. Eusebius. Vita Constantini, IV, 36. The full commission for the bibles is available at http://www.ccel.org/ccel/schaff/npnf201.iv.vi.iv.xxxvi.html.
  38. Eusebius. Vita Constantini, IV, 37.
  39. http://ehistory.osu.edu/world/articles/ArticleView.cfm?AID=58.
  40. Contenau, George. Everyday life in Babylonia and Assyria. London. Edward Arnold Publishers Ltd. 1954, and Fairservis, Walter Ashlin. Mesopotamia, the Civilization that Rose out of Clay. New York.
  41. http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=matrimony.
  42.   Dupanloup, I.; Pereira, L.; Bertorelle, G.; Calafell, F.; Prata, M. J.; Amorim, A.; Barbujani, G. (2003). “A Recent Shift from Polygyny to Monogamy in Humans Is Suggested by the Analysis of Worldwide Y-Chromosome Diversity.”Journal of Molecular Evolution. July, Vol. 57, Issue 1, pp. 85-97. Cp. de Vries M.; Vosters S.; Merkx, G.; D’Hauwers, K.; Wansink, D. G.; Ramos L.; de Boer P. (2012). “Human male meiotic sex chromosome inactivation”. PLoS:  Journal of the Public Library of Science One. 7(2):e31485. Cf. Nelson E., Rolian C., Cashmore L., Shultz S. (2011). “Digit ratios predict polygyny in early apes, Ardipithecus, Neanderthals and early modern humans but not in Australopithecus”.  Proceedings.  Biological Sciences / The Royal Society. May 22;278(1711):1556-63.
  43. Matthew 1:5.
  44. http://www.biblearchaeology.org/post/2008/05/Did-the-Israelites-Conquer-Jericho-A-New-Look-at-the-Archaeological-Evidence.aspx#Article.
  45. Roberts, A. and Donaldson, J. (1994). Apostolic Fathers, Justin Martyr, Irenaeus. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, ref.  The Ante-Nicene Fathers: Translations of the Writings Dow to A.D. 325 / Vol. 1: The Apostolic Fathers with Justin Martyr and Irenaeus. Buffalo, NY: Christian Literature Publishing Co.
  46. Read: C. Th. 9.7.3.
  47. ubi scelus est id, quod non proficit scire, ubi venus mutatur in alteram formam, ubi amor quaeritur nec videtur, iubemus insurgere leges, armari iura gladio ultore, ut exquisitis poenis subdantur infames, qui sunt vel qui futuri sunt rei
  48. Kuefler, M (2007). “The Marriage Revolution in Late Antiquity: The Theodosian Code and Later Roman Marriage Law”. Journal of Family History 32 (4): 343–370.

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