2

Education in Peru is failing and what can be done to restore it (expanded and revised edition)

Contents

I. Introduction

II. Antethesis

III. Problem to Investigate

IV. Problem and Research

V. Findings and Credibility

VI. Testing the Hypothesis

VII. The Challenge of Language

VIII. Analysis of Findings of the Research Project

IX. What solutions exist to solve Perú’s educational decline?

X. Bibliography

XI. End Notes

Introduction

Patriotism has its place—as an expression of loyalty. It is not a hood to cover reality as if it were some medieval monk scurrying about to find heretics and apostates. Patriotism, especially to a partisan party or religion, is both plutocratic as well as destructive of the educational process. While I have written at length about bad education in the USA (where 7000 high school students drop out of education every day)1 and in other nations, when I noted that education in Perú is the third-worst education in the world, it sets off an all-consuming fire

Casone de San Marcus Universidad (Lima, Perú)

alarm heated by Perú patriotism that Perú universities are the best. They are not (for Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos2 that shares 601st place with the Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, since this article was first written in 2010, 601 is correct, but in 2013, Pontifical has moved up in the world ranking of universities to the 300s: read my other articles on education in Perú). The growing scandal of corruption3 in the Roman Catholic Church indicates that it may well be in its last century, especially with the odiously opportunistic Opus Dei4 prelature that delights in transmogrifying reality in search of a past that never existed. Nowhere but Perú is this evil organization, Opus Dei, such a total terrorist threat to the treatment of mortals, where its male antagonists speak out against women who rightfully demand choice, while turgid theological vociferate ranting roars against men who want to plan families and stop acting like cuyes constantly in heat. The greatest problem with Opus Dei is that its leaders, and its followers who are like sheep following the ram to sacrifice, is they are fervently, feverishly, and faithfully subordinate to the most inane of calls and demands of their time. They are like robots who do think critically, accept the solitary word of a leader as if it were definitive and divine and give all of their own innate abilities to think rationally, reasonably, and realistic to the mind control of those with far less intellectual ability but are seen as fervent and passionate in a faith that has never been proved to be real or has a shred of historicity beyond that of writers of the second century whose papers were allowed to survive the great burning of documents in 325 CE when their destruction was demanded by Emperor Constantine I. All this took place in his favored city Nicaea where his assembled retainers, then known as bishops who were not the leaders of areas of the church (those were presbyters) and were as equally opposed to those who would not side with them or the Imperial Power by denying or degrading the bishops mythology that went against common sense. To this end, Emperor Constantine created his own version of scripture that the bishop Eusebius, in 385 CE was ordered to assemble and send to all of the churches in the East. None of these works can be coordinated or buttressed with either the Codex Vaticanus5 or the Codex Sinaiticus 6 that are far older. From these mythological mincings of older tracts the law courts (εκκλησία) that later became “meeting houses” were developed to control and suppress dissent and manipulate people.

II. Antethesis

Augusto cardinal Vargas Alzamora (Lima, Perú)

The principal source of this nefarious plot to topple sanity is Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne of Lima (who was formally accused of murdering or at least planning the assassination7 of his predecessor, the equally conservative Jesuit cleric cardinal Augusto Vargas Alzamora,8 a native of Lima, who “officially” died of a cerebral hemorrhage. Cipriani Thorne was lucky as he had friends in high places within the Vatican who squelched any question that their favored archbishop might be a murderer. Cipriani Thorne saw the accusations destroyed or rejected by the Roman curia eager to protect itself and its predatory priests.9

While Peruvians relish the thought that Mario Vargas Llosa won the Noble Prize in Literature, few realize he lives in Spain, and what he won the Noble Prize for was what he wrote in Spain where he is a Spanish citizen.  When Vargas Llosa ran against Alberto Fujimori, then a professor of agriculture in La Molina, the election was a tie, and the Fujimoristas (Perú fascist political party) spurred Vladimir Montesinos to “visit” Vargas Llosa and tell the gifted writer that if continued his challenge against the future dictator he would die before he could take his oath of office.  Like Alan Garcia Perez, the president before the Fujimoristas launched their Holocaust in Peru, who fled in his pajamas first to Costa Rica and then to France where he remained in voluntary exile before returning at the beginning of the twenty-first century to Perú where he won a full term and education plummeted and the middle class diminished, Vargas Llosa preferred exile in Spain where he continued his writing career.  What is strange is that both Vargas Llosa and César Vallejo–who was chased out of Perú for enabling his girlfriend to get an abortion before fleeing to France where he wrote his prose and poems and died in France–were exiled and neither received any notice until their fame toppled the native Peruanos dislike for the men who defied the Roman Catholic Church.

Martha Chavez criminal past uncovered

Martha Chavez’s criminal past uncovered

The high-handed tactics of the Vatican enraged Perú’s best-known writer and only Nobel Prize winner in Literature, Mario Vargas Llosa.10 Vargas Llosa became personally involved, and in a stinging attack on the Spanish newspaper El País, described Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne as a “representative of the Church’s worst tradition, its authoritarian and obscurantist tradition”.  Cipriani Thorne had one card to play: he was close to the worse president in Perú history and Fujimori’s children whom he sent to study in the USA rather than enroll them in any Perú school or university. Fujimori’s destruction of democracy and end of human rights became complete when Peru’s emerging NAZI, Martha Gladys Chávez Cossío de Ocampo (born January 12, 1953), moved to redact the Constitution of Perú to allow Fujimori unlimited terms in office (that was passed in 1993), celebrated the assassinations of Fujimori opponents and was exceedingly glad when Montisinos’ Las Colinas murdered students11 and their teacher who were kidnapped from the National University “Enrique Guzmán y Valle” (La Cantuta):12 Peruvian military members, masked and armed, broke through the dawn on July 18, 1992, spilling blood and throwing the brains of their victims while dismembering their bodies to bury in shallow graves outside of Lima.13

Martha Chavez insists on using the Fujimori-approved Constitution that she wrote in 1993

Martha Chavez, a radical Fujimorista, insists on using the Fujimori-approved Constitution that she wrote in 1993 to allow the dictatorship to rule indefinitely

Martha Chavez’s not-so-secret love affair with the miscreant menacing mercenary Alberto Fujimori propelled her into rewriting the Constitution to protect the monster she supported even in the wake of protests by the families of the students murdered in cold blood by Fujimori and Las Colinas–an execution Chavez has to this day applauded claiming it to be the divine will and divine hand of the god she sees as a warrior seeking the blood of those who defy his command to become enriched.  When Ollanta Moisés Humala Tasso (born June 27, 1962) won the presidency and sought a return of Perú to its historical Constitution, the fanatical fascist Martha Chavez insisted that the Constitution she wrote for Fujimori was to remain the Constitution although it was roundly despised as pathetic pandering by the peoples of Peru.14

Questions about the legitimacy of Martha Chavez election and more haunt Perú

Questions about the legitimacy of Martha Chavez’s election and more haunt Perú

Martha Chavez’s credentials as a Congresista are weak, Peru’s Congress suspended the firebrand from sitting in Congress for 120 days, and fraudulent as she does not sit in Lima’s Congress to help the people of Peru but to subject them to the brutality of the dictatorship of a plutocracy that is far worse than anything that as bad, vulturous and evil as the Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso), is a Maoist guerrilla insurgent organization terrorist movement that spawned her cry for unlimited power and unlimited terms for Perú’s own great terrorists: Alberto Fujimori and his children (Fujimori’s “First Lady of Peru” was his daughter Keiko Fujimori who has been accused, justifiably, with flying Inka gold to Japan to put in a Japanese bank where her father was, for a while, living in exile but recognized as a Japanese citizen and married a Japanese wife). While the leaders of Shining Path initially waged war against the landed gentry of Peru that were forcing Peruvians to work for wages that were barely covering abject subsistence, the Fujimoristas were demanding a return to the slavery of the poor, and like Keiko Fujimori did in her attempt to become President of Peru openly exchange bags of rice to the very poor in exchange for their promise to vote for her (fortunately she lost).

Martha Chavez Thief, NAZI, and Head of Peru's Human Rights Commission

Martha Chavez Thief, NAZI, and Head of Peru’s Human Rights Commission

Martha Chavez tried to stop an investigation or judicial action against lower-ranked military thugs15 As evil and worthless as any Tea Party representative in the USA that is fighting to disenfranchise liberal women, Latinos/as, LGBTI, people of color, and environmentalists to further the capital gain of the Koch Brothers, Bain Capital, and other plutocrats, Marth Chavez has stepped from the sewer of her numerous crimes committed with her husband into the Commission on Human Rights that she opposed throughout her sordid, seamy, satanic career as a Fujimorista.

Ojo Que Llora victim of Fujimorista terrorists led by Martha Chavez

Ojo Que Llora victim of Fujimorista terrorists led by Martha Chavez

Viler than Adolf Hitler’s hitmen, Martha Chavez spoke out against any monument for the victims and promised to tear it down with her bare hands.  In 2006, after a band of Fujimori sympathizers held a guard at gunpoint and heavily damaged the “Ojo Que Llora” (“Crying Eye”),16  a memorial to the victims of Peru’s Internal War that included the names of victims of government death squads that operated under Fujimori such as Grupo Colina, Chávez said that she applauded the attack, and called the memorial “a garbage monument”17

Names of some of the students who were victims of the Dictator Fujimori and his assassin Montesino

–yet, in 2013, was appointed to chair the Human Rights Commission in Perú even though she was Perú’s premier human rights violator.18 Martha Chavez and her NAZI plans for genocide, as many termed her the primary source for the massacre of Peru’s young students at the hands of Alberto Fujimori’s henchman and chief assassin Vladimir Monteseno, were hailed as one who wasted precious Perú air by breathing, and when she exhales she was polluting the atmosphere.19 Justice will only come to Perú when Martha Chavez is expelled from Congress, is tried for crimes against humanity, and when/if found guilty must be publicly executed.

Rejecting any separation of church and state, Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne openly campaigned for Fujimori and his death squads in Lima

Rejecting any separation of church and state, Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne openly campaigned for Fujimori and his death squads in Lima

Cipriani Thorne, who is far worse than Martha Chavez and is rightfully compared to the Dominican Tomás de Torquemada, O.P. (1420 – September 16, 1498; a 15th-century Spanish Dominican friar and the first Grand Inquisitor in Spain’s quest to erase all traces of Jews and Muslims in a stagnant society, a reality that surprised me, but even more so a malevolent monster who denies all women of Perú their fundamental human rights of choice and decision making, pushing them further under the control of the gynophobia remonstrances of executioner Saul of Tarsus, matches Hitler’s “own Bishop” (Alois Hudal (also known as Luigi Hudal ; 31 May 1885 – 13 May 1963) who praised Hitler’s policies while attacking those of the Vatican20 These lines of escape were created within the Roman Catholic Church with the full awareness, planning, and financial support of the Vatican21 led toward havens in South America, particularly Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil, Uruguay, and Chile (infamous for the dictatorship of NAZI Pinochet, Perú, and Bolivia.

Alios Hudal: Hitler's bishop

Alios Hudal: Hitler’s bishop

Bishop Hudal remained the voice of Hitler and the NAZIs even after World War II and Hitler’s suicide, as Hudal, like Pius XII had a political agenda and a religious dream to fulfill: to restore the old Vatican Empire, and force all Jews to embrace Emperor Constantine I’s personally created “catholic [universal] church”.22  To this end, Hudal and the Vatican directly and diligently set up what became known as ratlines. The ratlines allowed prominent Nazi German and other European former Axis officers and political leaders, among them, accused war criminals, to escape Allied trials and denazification. in the Third Reich.23

Cipriani Thorne, who sings the praises of the unHoly Inquisition that erased entire generations of Peruanos in Peru where the infamous church of San Francisco with its human bone littered floor, has a checkered and questionable past. Numerous youth came forward claiming that they had seen the future prelate frequent the Downtowner (a homosexual bar in Lima), was the leading Opus Dei cleric and only Opus Dei cardinal in the Roman Catholic Church and dismissed accusations against him as trivial since he was “always forgiven” since he was a member of Opus Dei and needed no forgiveness, much in keeping with his parents’ bold boast that they were already among the elect in heaven.

Carlos Bruce Congresista Photo by the Congress of the Republic of Peru

Carlos Bruce Congresista Photo by the Congress of the Republic of Peru

The accusations against Opus Dei supporter Cipriani Thorne intensified after the patronized patriarch implied that Carlos Bruce, a Congresista with two sons, is gay (who denounced the cardinal)24  and called for a massive rally against homosexuality that matched Russia’s pogrom against LGBTQA+ and racial minorities (there is a  lot of racism against the Japanese and hill people in Peru) for sheer stupidity and violence against human rights. Homosexuality, bisexuality, and transsexuality remain forbidden in this savagely controlled Roman Catholic/Evangelical Pentecostal country where the rights of churches supersede the rights of citizens and noncitizens. Unfortunately, the role of religion places a stranglehold against logical discourse and debate in favor of obedience and blind faith in a few self-appointed custodians of morality and human interaction. This is fed by the corrupt universities in Peru that exist to make their “founders” wealthy, like UCV’s Cesar Acuna who tells incoming students that as long as they pay their tuition they will get a diploma–even though, by all considerations, those that become degree holders do not merit any position with any company. I taught at UCV until 2014 when I was summoned to the office of the Director of Foreign Languages (there were only two: English and French), and told I was too old to continue teaching (in keeping with the new Peru law that allows businesses to fire anyone who is older than 30). I was replaced by three young students from UNPRG who could only speak Spanglish and that, not well, even though I was the only faculty member with an earned doctorate and several published books on the English language. The greatest enemy of education in Peru was and is its patronizing parasitic cardinal of Lima: Cipriani Thorne, who aspires to wear the Triple Crown of St. Peter.

<i>Cipriani Thorne on human rights: those who disagree with him are "assholes"</i>

Cipriani Thorne on human rights: those who disagree with him are “assholes”

Cipriani Thorne has had the support of many bishops (those who were Opus Dei), but not all of the bishops in Perú support Cipriani Thorne.  Many see him as a throw-back to the Dark Ages that engulfed Europe and superstition reigned superior over science, critical thinking, and investigation, as seen in the Inquisition’s Trial of Galileo and thousands of others, most of whom were killed by theological terrorists masquerading as monks, mendicants, ministers of the church and bishops.  As several prelates have stated in private, the cardinal is the greatest throne on the side of those who seek personal freedom and the right of choice that is a guaranteed Human Right, yet Cipriani Thorne rejects all human rights for those who disagree with him or his interpretation of what is a valid lifestyle from abortion (it is not permitted even if it is to save the mother’s life, the product of rape or incest, or was already dead in the uterus or decaying in ectopic pregnancy or eccysis: a complication of pregnancy in which the embryo implants outside the uterine cavity. Unfortunately for Peru and for Peru women and future generations, the Cardinal is so void of knowledge of the human body and its functions, that the antique and wrong ideas of the papacy and of the Roman Catholic Church will continue to kill, by neglect, more women. They will continue to proclaim that a fertilized seed is a baby even though there is no heartbeat until after the tenth week, and until one emerges from the womb, there is no child.

<i>An opened oviduct with an ectopic pregnancy at about 7 weeks gestational age.</i>

An opened oviduct with an ectopic pregnancy at about 7 weeks gestational age.

The cardinal is sadly illiterate concerning embryology or basic medicine, as with few exceptions, ectopic pregnancies are not viable and are dangerous for the mother because of internal hemorrhage which is a life-threatening complication. Most ectopic pregnancies occur in the Fallopian tube (so-called tubal pregnancies), but implantation can also occur in the cervix, ovaries, and abdomen.) to human rights.25  By forbidding women an abortion when they are faced with ectopic pregnancies, the cardinal of Lima is committing premeditated first-degree murder, as no woman can survive this fetal growth.26

Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne

Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne

The future cardinal had some support among some intellectuals and politicians, but not all, as he was a staunch supporter of Alberto Fujimori and of dictatorship in Perú, which if it were under a Fujimori, could remove religious liberty from those not practicing the Roman Catholic faith. Faith was always defined, throughout the earliest days of the church through the era known now as the Reformation, as unquestioning obedience to Rome and the incumbent in the Vatican even if common sense told otherwise. Thus the writings of Ptolemy on geocentricism27 controlled the Vatican until the fifteenth century when Nicholas Copernicus dared to write against the false theory (one that survived for more than 1000 years because it had won the favor of the Christian Church, and many Jewish rabbis, as it made man the center of the universe and gave fabricated justification to the myths of Genesis creationism and the war of Joshua when god had the sun stand still), but died before he could be tried and imprisoned by the Inquisition. Galileo was not so fortunate as he not only furthered the argument supporting heliocentricism and cited the polish monk who penned it in his groundbreaking De revolutionibus orbium coelestium (published 1543) but was arrested, tortured, and ultimately placed under house arrest by the unHoly Inquisition and the rogue Jesuits who feared for their supper and did all they could do to suppress what they called and defined as blasphemy while attempting to present themselves as learned scholars.

Catacombs below San Francisco church in Lima, Perú

While Cipriani’s Roman Catholic College of Bishops rule as if they were still sitting in the Torquemada’s torture carnivorously cruel chambers in Spain or sixteenth century Lima where human heads were piled in roles to celebrate forced conversions, closures of institutes and schools that sought private investigation, and the cranium of women and young boys savagely beaten to death. Early Spanish records noted what is still common today–that when a landlord or priest wanted someone for sex and the individual refused, the penalty for refusal was instant death. Many executed were thrown unceremoniously into the catacombs over which the clergy of Lima prayed, offered the Mass, and sang hymns to a god without mercy. The Council of Bishops were not pawns, however, for Cipriani to move across a chessboard already soaked in human blood with the past stained by both terrorists and police and Fujimori thugs. The greatest tragedy of all is not only done to Peruvian public schools actually encourage and even teach plagiarism, euphemistically styled “cut and paste”, but even teach students how to do it, with the comment that “everyone does it”. This appraisal is actually correct and furthers the diminishment of learning, the lack of true scholarship, and resulting critical thinking and scientific investigation.

The closest schools and their teachers come to scientific investigation is figuring out from what source they will steal their materials and pretend that they are in actual centers of learning, rather than cesspools of censorship denying the free breath of the conduct of inquiry to spread among the students. Plagiarism is the highest in medical schools the majority of them turning out either totally or partially unqualified medical practitioners28 as I discovered when one medical doctor told me I had a cold because I drank cold water, and another checked my testicles to determine if I had prostate cancer.  Ethics has the lowest rate in medical publications, with full-scale plagiarism frequently encompassing entire books; the second-highest rate is among the clergy at religious universities who slap their names over the imprint of the author’s name and declare the work to be their own–especially common in Roman Catholic universities in the provinces of Peru.29.

Mario Vargas Llosa

Mario Vargas Llosa

Any time something is good or happens that benefits all of humanity, and the individual or firm that is the author or developer of the product, Peruvians delight in claiming it is a result of Peruvian excellence, as with Jorge Mario Pedro Vargas Llosa (born at Arequipa, 28 March 1936) who fled Perú in 1990 when Vladimiro Ilich Montesinos Torres (born May 20, 1945) threatened the presidential candidate with death if Vargas Llosa did not leave so that the dictator and future commander-in-thief of the national treasury, Alberto Fujimori, would win in a second found of voting. It is true that Mario Vargas Llosa won the Noble Prize for Literature but not as a Peruvian resident (he was born in Peru) or as a Peruvian living in Perú. Vargas Llosa has dual-national citizenship: he took Spanish citizenship when living in exile in Spain, and returned to Spain, after a short visit to Perú and continues to live there.

III. Problem to Investigate

Most schools are multigrade; many of them are also in very poor physical condition

In 2007, according to a report released by the World Economic Forum,30 out of 131 countries ranked in the world, Perú had the dubious distinction of being in last place in the quality of its elementary school education. In the areas of math and science31 it was in 130th place. The high schools fared the same: they are bad throughout Perú and in all subject areas. Much of it is due to poverty, schools are multi-graded and the structures are in poor condition that the governments of Perú historically ignore.

Far worse is that these poor schools usually have but a single teacher for all grades and subjects, as we hand in the USA at the turn of the twentieth century in Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska, Missouri, Wyoming, North and South Dakota, and other poor rural states. The primary difference is that in the USA the teachers were required to test for subject mastery and test their students that they, too, had mastered the subject and could apply each subject to everyday situations and needs.

Teaching English in Peru

Most of the students whom I teach in Perú who claim competency in the English language care barely read or write more than a few words in English, then quickly lapse back into Spanish. The teachers accommodate them by teaching English in Spanish and answering all questions asked by the students in Spanish. Since I first wrote this article several years ago, the situation has not just become worse, it is critical.  I had a young man who barely made it out of my fifth cycle conversation course, whose uncle obtained for him a position as a teacher of English at Nicholas Colegio and to this day cannot speak more than four words of English with me in any situation.  In my Phonics 2 class, I have a young male who delights in telling me can speak Portuguese and still spells Brasil as Brazil (in Portuguese, the language of Brasil, it is República Federativa do Brasil), never using diacritics: Áá, Ââ, Ãã, Àà, Çç, Éé, Êê, Íí, Óó, Ôô, Õõ, Úú, and cannot speak more than one word of English or a full fluid sentence in Portuguese without a five-minute pause.  In my eighth cycle of Academic Writing, more than 50% of those preparing to write their bachelor thesis cannot use basic English grammar, spell correctly, or pronounce words as phonics requires.  Yet they tell everyone that they will be translators, interpreters, or English teachers who will make S/.700 a week, whereas, in reality, a person is fortunate to earn S/.800 a month, although some teachers do earn S/.1000 a month and few S/.1200.

Perú is not alone, however in this regressive tactic or methodology in South America, when I applied for a position teaching at a university in Ecuador, I was told that I was the ideal candidate, not because of my earned doctorates, extensive publication, mastery of various language, but because I was a native-born American. That was an insult, but when I taught for 2.5 months at a Roman Catholic school in Perú the other American who taught with me had, previously, washed dishes in a restaurant and did not the difference between an adjective and adverb. When I went to Ecuador, the contract was withdrawn with the point made that I am too old–but age discrimination is universal from Taiwan to Columbia, Chile to Canada, and everywhere else.  Having students “love” the teacher is more important than the teacher knowing and being able to disseminate subject matter, and poverty outweighs the need for universal education as those who live in the poorest ghettos end up in dilapidated buildings with a barely literate teacher–who keeps his or her jobs not based on academic or teaching excellence but being a part of the union Sindicato Unitario de Trabajadores en la Educación del Perú (SUTEP) that rejects having its members tested for competency and has no rigorous standards.

Poverty in Perú (2005)

Debilitating 96% of the people of Perú, the issue of poverty throughout Perú keeps education from expanding, libraries basically remain non-existent and in most cases have less than one-hundred books or digests of books.  Only the most desperate and ill-educated apply for teaching positions as most teachers need to teach in two or more schools in one day just to provide food for their families. All governments throughout Perú’s history have uniformly ignored the need of future generations and squandered taxes for private adventures, personal pleasures, and family greed: from the Congressional representatives (such as “Señor Pollo” (a nickname for Jose Anaya32who was convicted of illegal billing the Perú people and received a five-year prison sentence; watch this video) billed Congress for “excessive” consumption of chicken dinners at the expense of the Perú people 33in two days (the actual charge reads: “pues retornó el 25 y 27 de abril, días en que consumió pollos por S/.428 y S/. 397, respectivamente, según consta en las boletas N° 00970 y N° 00979.” of chicken lunches). Anaya was not unique34 in his brazen theft. The Perú congress has long been known for its built-in corruption, as if anyone is elected to sit in Congress, that person collects a pension from the government as long as he or she is alive. Bills are turned in for nearly every expense, and the Treasurer of Congress signs off on the bill and issues a voucher for payment. What was strange was the case that appeared with the sitting Treasurer of Congress. The Treasurer of Congress, Lucía Bravo Roncal,35 billed Congress S/.4547 for a personal shopping trip to Italy while Congress was sitting.

Perú’s Congress in Lima is as bad as that in Washington, DC: the majority of the delegates are either ignorant of science, mathematics, and the arts, or do not care since their constituents’ preference remains ignorant.  The two Congresses share the one greatest enemy to education: their disbelief and refusal to fund quality education by demanding more of the teachers, building libraries that are not just e-Books as in San Antonio, Texas, but equally encouraging original research and peer-reviewed publications that do not merely repeat the findings of others, but require teachers to trace back as far as is possible to the root or origin of words, their meaning and use.  To make matters worse, both in Perú and the USA (and in most other nations) the budget is centered around funding war and military requests from increased pensions to education for veterans, and justify these obscene increases by claiming war is either imminent or must occur because of some fanciful lie, such as George W. Bush gravitating to the myth of weapons of mass destruction (WMDs) stockpiled in Iraq, to Obama’s listening to neo-conservatives fabricate chemical warfare pushed by the Assad regime while Al-Qaeda and home-grown native terrorists (Sovereign Citizens that makes the Shining Path in Perú look almost benevolent, KKK, Tea Party, NOM, White paramilitaries, Rush Limbaugh, Jim Fischer and his American Family Association that pushes for the NAZI program: Kinder, Küche, Kirche that the Eagle Forum, Peace Keepers, Россия 2 (in Russia), etc.)36 for a long time have stated that the chemicals are their and were brought into Syria from Israel–the latter having the biggest paid lobbyists in the world, especially with AIPAC in the USA.

All surveys and tabulations on the quality of education around the world point out one damning and devastating fact. One of the worse places for education is in Perú. This is more humiliating when it is known that the worse place for education is within Perú’s universities. What each level of education (each grade) has in common is that none educate. All indoctrinate. Teachers repeat the errors of their instructors who reiterated the fantasies of their former professors. Textbooks are considered nearly sacred since they are in print–even when illegal photocopies that are not complete are passed out to public school children–as what was considered adequate information in the past no matter how recent or far back the past was, it was considered acceptable for the students of today–and for their children.

 

IV. Problem and Research

There are numerous private schools that I have visited that openly encourage students to copy any article, book, thesis, or other forms of intellectual property. The librarians at these schools claim that the publisher of any book a student sought gave the student the right to copy the material since the school or university had bought two or more original copies. This is not just with impoverished schools or schools in the mountains or Amazons, but it includes universities and primary and secondary schools in Lima and capitals of provinces as well as towns and villages Perú-wide (read here and here and here where Blockbusters closed down because of the epidemic of illegal photocopying, copying, and illegal sharing). While there are laws officially on legal registers, and police and judges are sworn to uphold them protecting intellectual property, copyright, trademark, and other similar means of retaining the owner or developer’s rights, judges, police, and other law enforcement officials ignore Perú’s copyright laws and in many cases break them directly.

The black market is rampant throughout Peru37 has cost Perú over 100,000 jobs since 2005, and the number of those being unemployed or underemployed climbs daily as the corrupt governments of Perú do nothing.  Black markets thrive in Perú because of Perú’s corrupt judiciary, among the worse judiciaries in the world that easily caves into bribery and extortion, where the most extraordinarily lenient sentences are passed on the slim few who are ever brought before a court.38 Cf. Grosse, Robert (Autumn 1991), “Peru’s Black Market in Foreign Exchange” Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs. Vol. 33, No. 3, pp. 135-167.] Blockbusters and other foreign businesses will never return to Perú because of the high rate of theft among all groups and levels of citizens.

When I taught at the Ministry of Commerce and Tourism in Lima, the directors of different divisions bragged about how many illegal discs, CDs, books, and so forth they had in their homes. They laughed at me when I read the Peru law against plagiarism–with each director, his or her secretary, and all students who I taught in the official building in San Isidro telling me that copyright law does not apply to government workers “or those who can get away with it”. Some snorted: “Americans/gringoes are too stupid. They will continue to supply us with music, movies, and books. When they send them down here, we will steal them so that they are free for us. Americans are rich. We are not–so we steal what we cannot afford to pay for”.

Black Market in Cuzco 2013

Black Market in Cuzco 2013

I have found this to be the dicta and rubric of Roman Catholic, Adventist, and Baptist schools and churches; it is that widespread). I have watched unprincipled and unethical lawyers, judges, principals, teachers, and students go into a theater and film what was being shown then take their stolen intellectual property and vend it immediately in front of the theater they had targeted; what surprised me was the most was the number of clergies who were selling illegal videos along with young people, each hawking what none had purchased. I have witnessed the copying of books on a daily basis. When I go down La Marina in San Miguel or Jose Balta in Chiclayo, I see illegally copied movies that had not as of that date even been released to theaters in the USA–as I am told that there are Peruanos working in Hollywood who have access to new films before they are released and copy them to send to their families in Perú so that the family makes money and eats. There are so many mafias in Perú that is difficult to find anyone who is honest. The poorer a person is, the more easily it is to get the person to steal: thus teachers are the worse offenders when it comes to protecting copyright material.

V. Findings and Credibility

Peruvians look at illegal movies for sale on nearly every street corner refusing to accept the laws of Perú and the world against pirated works and are criminals by legal definition

Teachers slouch forward repeating ancient myths they were taught without question, students are irresponsible and memorize just to pass in hopes of obtaining work that doesn’t include driving a taxi, and libraries (few and far between) are for social gatherings.

Dr. Jose Antonio Chang Escobedo, Minister of Education of Peru

Dr. Jose Antonio Chang Escobedo, Minister of Education of Peru

In 2007, Antonio Chang, the last of the competent and determined Ministers of Education, set out to test over 350,000 Perú teachers (a strategy praised by the largest percentage of Perú parents). SUTEP protested, as most of its members failed the examinations (read here and here and here). One site claims that only 151 out of 185,000 teachers passed the basic competency and literary exam, which is 5,000 more teachers than I cite in several of my published articles (read here and here and here) while another writer cites 181,000). Wikileaks, some being published in El Comercio, noted that almost 50 percent of public school teachers were unable to answer simple questions about mathematics, and more than 30 percent were functionally illiterate. Primary school teachers (where the brightest teachers should be teaching) and those working in rural areas (where education is nearly impossible to achieve) received the lowest scores.39 In competitiveness, Perú ranked 83 in 2008. Peru was 94th among nations in organizational competitiveness. In the area of innovation, it was 83. In development, Perú was ranked in the lowest tier. Perú is ranked low in business ethics (92:134), and high in police corruption (123 with the lowest being 134: p. 288). Education remains stagnantly low. Perú has laws against plagiarism and intellectual property protection but ranks 121 out of 134 for open infractions with crimes of plagiarism openly committed by the Department of Justice and all government, industrial, business, and especially educational institutions. This has, over the years of growing corruption (especially in the presidencies of provinces and local government) to an overwhelming distrust of political figures and operatives (120:134). Business is strangled by complicated and heavy bureaucracy and regulations (123:134), with the result (127:134) that the infrastructure of Peru is one of the world’s worst. Primary education dropped to 133:134 (second from last in the world; in Bolivia, a nation Perú treats with scorn, the primary rating is 127:134), matching secondary and university education (in Bolivia it is 132:124), with the lowest scores in mathematics, sciences (in Bolivia it is 119:134 compared to Perú that is at 133:134) and foreign languages (especially English where teachers are hired on the bases of age (youngest preferred), and cronyism, with many, female and male, prospective teachers offering sex for appointments).

Research is discouraged at all levels of academe, and university-industry research cooperation comes in at 107:134. The quality of scientific institutions is 121:134, with a large majority of professors in science and agriculture unqualified to teach or do basic research. Knowledge of business and business techniques and competitive advantage is 93:134. Perú educational institutions are ranked at second from last, but within Perú the ranking of Peru universities40 is unique as while the Pontifical University in Lima is first (not tied with San Marcus), private universities excel more than national universities (for example, Universidad César Vallejo is #19 while Universidad Nacional Pedro Ruiz is #36).

The Fujimori effect Political instability and paralysis in Peru

To do business in Perú or with Perú, at this time, is insanity, as investors are robbed of profits, manufacturers in Perú use shoddy material, and employees are overworked and underpaid and so steal (the average workday in Perú is 12-14 hours, the workweek is six days, and the average salary below S/600 (roughly a little over $200 a month) while attempting to buy a house costs an average of S/.748. To rent an apartment is S/.300, and to take one month of classes in many universities is S/300).41 Transparency International lists Peru as the 8th most corrupt country in South America and 109th place worldwide in the Corruption Perception Index for 2021 (published January 2022). With a score of 38, Peru falls by two points but remains relatively stagnant on the index since 2012.42

In 2010, only two nations had a worse record43 for unacceptable (bad) education: Azerbaijan and Kyrgyzstan. The top two best-educated nations are #1 South Korea and #2 Finland. The USA is #14, and the UK is #20.

In the area of languages, the percentage is proportionately lower in Perú. Teachers of foreign languages are woefully inadequate, ill-prepared, and poorly undertrained. Better schools of language learning are in Bolivia, Chile, Costa Rica, Columbia, and Brasil. The main problem in Perú is the proliferation of Language Centers and shoddy universities, as, at present, anyone can start a university without faculty or facilities–and most do not have a traditional library. There are schools (like Top Class [sic] English) that have websites that

Top Class English methodology webpage–in Spanish

is 100% in Spanish, where English classes are taught in Spanish, and where the subject matter is elementary.

Top Class English uses anonymous recommendations where the recommendation is in Spanish–not in English as English is seldom used by Peruvian employees in English-speaking companies.

I am uncertain how Top Class [sic] English had my e-mail address, so I wrote them to inquire about that and other questions that I would have appreciated an answer to inasmuch as I am writing a book on the teaching of English in Perú. I never had a reply. However, I have interviewed a few who have made applications with Top Class, and they responded that the courses are taught in Spanish–a common practice among many institutes and schools.

UTP teaches computer use and programming, SENATI began as a trade school (primarily automotive) and branched out to teach languages–basically, English as it brings in the greatest revenue, offering the First Certificate in English (FCE; I was its first teacher, and followed by those who had difficulty with pronunciation and grammar), and had one teacher ask me if I would pass him on the FCE examination. When I asked why he said he would make more money, and I commented that it would best to learn correct English first, before attempting to teach the language. I notified the director of SENATI who shrugged, and I never saw the “teacher” again. Other institutes advertise for English teachers on the internet–the home and subsequent pages being in Spanish (as with Top Class [sic] English).

All that is required is a diploma (of some sort) but no one seeks transcripts to prove authenticity, and few applicants have ever published anything. Most teachers in Perú will never research even an article; it is a rare teacher who publishes–and in most cases the few publications that see print are self-printed. Peer review is unheard of and seldom used; even when students at the “better” (private or Roman Catholic or church-related) universities take an oral examination on a proposed thesis, there are no serious questions, and the committee is not made up of professors in the student’s field. They are selected randomly.

Being a teacher of English, I find that most of my students in the fifth cycle have not passed the basic level of competency, still, they have been and continue to be continuously advanced to higher cycles and even graduate, in many cases by teachers whose language skills are submarginal at best. This leads to a renewal of ignorance and the further decline of education in

A real e-mail from a student who considered herself a successful English speaker.

Perú. Students wrote me, frequently, begging for the lowest possible score, claiming that when they are teachers they will learn the language and prove they were worth the extra “boost” in grade. Later, when I had the opportunity to interview graduating students for positions that required fluency and accuracy in the English language and found none qualified–and shared that information with my class in English Composition in e-mail correspondence, I received condemnation as seen in this letter:

I was told by many students and faculty in the English Department, that grammar rules, spelling, punctuation, capitalization, and sentence structure were unimportant. The common comment was “if the message is understood, it’s sufficient.” I disagreed. I was fortunate as my Academic Dean supported me, and listened as I offered to teach a course for teachers that would enable each professor to present English correctly (and no longer speak as if he or she were Mick Jagger or Daddy Yankee).

Student opposition to me for not recommending a Peru university student for employment at an international embassy; the student had at best a rudimentary knowledge of the required language.

While there are many teachers in every nation in the world who claim they can teach, few actually do teach. To many teachers, the use of methodology, strategies, and pedagogy are more relevant to their teaching knowledge than demonstrating any familiarity with or expertise in any subject matter. Schools from primary through secondary into the colleges and universities students come not seeking a broad liberal education, nor even the attainment of a genuine specialization. For students from Canada and the United States of North America, throughout Latin (Central and South) America, the emphasis is more on gaining (not earning) the diploma and through networking (not demonstrating knowledge or relevant skills) getting a job (not meriting employment. Knowledge is secondary, worldwide in most cases, to any true subject matter mastery. To test this theory I was invited to give a course in English (grammar) to university English teachers.

VI. Testing the Hypothesis

At the beginning of this year’s January summer session, I was offered the rewarding challenge to teach a basic English grammar course to the professors of English at the university where I teach. The course was to be a workshop requiring the participation of all students. At the end of the eight-week class (meeting twice a week for 2.5 hours a day), I was saddened, but not surprised, with the results. These results were based on (1) attendance, and (2) participation individually and as a group. This would count for 50% of the grade. The other 50% of the grade was based on in-class writing. What each faculty-student wrote during the last hour of the class, I reminded the class every day, would be reviewed the following day as a group. I corrected the sentences at home, then made a PowerPoint presentation of the writing of each class member to show the next morning. This was repeated for each class that I conducted. Each day the class covered a specific point of grammar. My Academic Dean, one of the finest and most resourceful leaders I have ever encountered, made this course a requirement for all English teachers and informed the faculty that the course was mandatory. Even with the word “obligatory” spelled out by the Academic Dean not all teachers of English attended. Many of my coworkers were absent–most of the time. Following the Academic Dean’s directive, I composed a review of what happened and my assessment. This is the letter that I presented developing and explaining my evaluation of my peers. I only change the tense now and delete actual student names to safeguard their privacy and cause no one unnecessary embarrassment.

Summary of results of the Grammar for XXXX Professors, summer 2012:

Overview: It was my hope, and ineffectual ambition, to be able to offer the faculty of English the foundations for correct English grammar and wean teachers at XXXX from vulgar (street) English—so common today. To achieve this goal, I followed classic pedagogical patterns that have been successfully used at major universities (Oxford, Cambridge, Harvard, Carnegie, and so forth, even though many of these once stellar universities have given up established standards to ensure the purity of speech for immediacy and modernism as found on the streets–as is now seen in Cambridge’s sponsorship of the bankrupt IB Programme).

I appropriated the use of individual parts of a sentence: beginning with Articles and ending with Direct Objects. Each part of a sentence was defined, discussed, and an invitation was issued verbally inviting argument, rebuttal, discourse, and analysis.

Modus Operandi: The methodology for this course was to introduce each part of grammar as it appears in a well-constructed English sentence. At the beginning of each class, a presentation was given on a particular part of English grammar beginning with articles, then adjectives, nouns, verbs, adverbs, and so forth. After a brief overview with proffered examples and pregnant questions asked, the class was encouraged to engage in small group and class-wide discussion: questioning what was unknown or uncommon, refuting comments that I made, rebutting effectiveness of examples, affirming agreement but with caveats, examples, and so forth. The final hour of each class was devoted to a classic (Aristotelean) workshop: all students were instructed to write sentences emphasizing the grammatical part discussed in class and use it in context within a complete sentence. Papers, requiring from seven to 20 such sentences, were gathered at the end of the time period to be graded that evening by me and then returned to the students the next day after the class, as a group, viewed a PowerPoint presentation of each essay (with the name of the author deleted for the sake of privacy). Before scanning each paper, I highlighted any error, explained why the word, phrase, or sentence was incorrect, and detailed how the sentence could be rewritten using perfect English grammar.

Results and reactions: While it was made clear by both the Academic Dean and the Director of the Language Department that this was an obligatory/mandatory course, most faculty students approached this requirement with a cavalier attitude. This is clearly seen in the number of classes students missed, assignments not turned in, and low scores on participation earned. Some students failed to attend any class after the first scheduled meeting. Other alumni selected to avoid various classes, and many were “unavailable” to attend the last week–it was their “holiday time”.

A few did comment it was wrong for a co-teacher to teach them, even though they had not reached the master’s degree level and I have an earned doctorate and a plethora of publications. As for publications, four students claimed that research and writing were a waste of time, as students (and faculty, they noted, including themselves) had better “things” to do than to research, read, write, or analyze.

Two students stated that I was a fool to research, write, and publish when I could be in a restaurant drinking beer. There were some exemplary exceptions, but these exceptions were rare.

What was learned from this class? I found the exercise to have been worthwhile. It showed definite trends in the learning processes: a declination, not acceleration in the mastery of subject matter. While I am not in charge of hiring or dismissing any teacher, and most teachers who I know have two or three jobs and additional appointments at different universities and schools, their approach to the learning process is elementary at best, but in reality it is unacceptable: not only are the faculty’s students being robbed of a chance to learn, grow intellectually, and be better than their parents in the field of knowledge, and make Perú a better place to live, grow, and learn, but the teachers sitting in class with me failed to appreciate the opportunity the university was offering them: to learn more about English by someone who has written and taught more than fifty years.

Observation: I sympathize with my faculty students and their need to make living, and regret that in any other society those who had a score of less than 14 would not be offered an appointment at a university unless it was of dubious or marginal quality and was in existence to promote religious blind faith and not scholarship. This is the case for low-ranked institutions such as Oral Roberts University in Oklahoma, Liberty University, and Regents University in Virginia (of Regents Law College’s first-year law class, only 50% of its students passed44 the Virginia bar exam).

Those students who missed the obligatory grammar class(es) were invited to notify the Director and me and arrange for a recovery class. Those who did not turn in papers were invited both by e-mail and in-person to create and present to me the missing paper. In nearly every case the students who were absent or did not turn in required papers made no effort to contact me or to find a way to make up the work.

It is true that I am but a profesor (a teacher; the Universidad Cesar Vallejo, has no academic ranking–but it does have a soccer team) and an assistant professor at the University of San Diego, where I was Area Coordinator of European Studies (in charge of the departments of Languages, History, Social Sciences, and Art) at University of San Diego (a Roman Catholic University) in California, When I visited with the teachers at Universidad Cesar Vallejo, they showed no interest in their subject field of education. They were totally lackadaisical about developments in their subject area, teaching innovations, researching, or writing and looked forward not to new academic discoveries but to vacation. Their stated purpose was to have a job and receive payment. On the other hand, since university standards were high in California, turnover was equally high. The university wanted the best teachers for its students. At Universidad Cesar Vallejo, with unconcealed disgust with their professional responsibilities and obligations, holding random office hours, and being short with students, I had serious reservations about renewing their contracts. At departmental meetings I made my observations known, supporting my objections with concrete examples of inefficiency and lack of subject matter knowledge either by presenting student evaluations or films I made at the back of the classroom. The faculty who were unresponsive to my entreaties, and irresponsible with the work assigned made no protestation. I left their fates with the faculty senate institute filled with jealousy and open bitterness and I left with the joy of being free, with no animosity toward anyone, but carrying with me the spite of all.

The same is different, somewhat, from where I taught in Perú at a provincial university. At the Perú private university, things were much the same. the teachers who showed no interest and were totally lackadaisical about developments in their subject area, teaching innovations, researching or writing and looked forward not to new academic discoveries but to vacation. There the similarity stopped. At the private university in one of Perú’s provinces where I taught university standards were extraordinarily low (a student could obtain a pass to the next level with a grade of 11 out of 20 points), and for that reason, turnover was low. In the field of languages, many students went out to be profesors/profesoras (teachers, most commonly known as maestro/Maestra) and did not know even basic English. One student was given a teaching post by his uncle as a favor and he like other teachers taught English totally in Spanish as he had a word treasury of two words. The university in Perú does not care about the education, reputation, or research and publication of its teachers, so a teacher can teach terminology (the word means: the system of terms belonging or peculiar to a science, art, or specialized subject; nomenclature: the terminology of botany) as a philosophy or tell the students to decide if there was a Big Bang. With unconcealed disgust with their professional responsibilities and obligations, seldom holding office hours as they have no offices and most teach at no less than three or four, and many as five or six, schools in order to earn a basic income to support themselves and any family the docente may have, so they do not meet with students. Students complain that some teachers refuse to explain grades awarded, claiming that they teach subjectively and the student must not inquire as to how a grade was determined. After one teacher, who claims to have a Ph.D. in Education at UNPRG,45 wrote a letter (that was copied/forwarded to all the teachers of the university), I had enough and notified the Director who had a difficult time understanding my English, that my last day would be on December 15, and I would move out of Perú. The faculty was delighted as I would tell the teachers to present the English language in English and not use Spanish.

In the west wing of my home library in Pimentel, Peru

In the five years, I taught at Universidad Cesar Vallejo (2010 – 2015), I was only invited to one faculty meeting, and was ignored the rest of the time when I made my observations known, supporting my objections with concrete examples of inefficiency and lack of subject matter knowledge either by presenting student evaluations or films I made at the back of the classroom. My happiest day in the last ten years was knowing I would leave Perú, as my offer of a full library was met with scorn so I packed it and returned it to my home to wait for the movers to carry it to Lima and a shipping container. Then the strangest thing happened. After being unceremoniously fired because I was “too old,” a man who had no ties with the department demanded I turn over my library to the university as a gift. I laughed. I walked away.

West wall of my library in Pimentel, Peru

At both universities (the one in Perú, and, earlier, the one in California) there was personal gratification, warmly welcomed by me, when students questioned examples and even presentations. This showed me that they were thinking independently. I cautioned them against being like Galileo who would renounce his own wisdom and discovery just to make the Roman Catholic Church give him peace and not put him through the tortures that awaited so many scientists, pushing the advance of science and knowledge back into the past generations, in the same way, that John Paul II cautioned Stephen Hawking46 against a too-rapid advance47 of science. Benedict XVI has come out publicly stating that it is not the role of science to prove the existence of a god48–that is impossible since science tests theories while faith accepts beliefs.49

It is true that many said what I was offering as commentary did not match their books (or beliefs), and I agreed. I also noted that their books were wrong and that publishers today are keener to make a profit than to print what is correct. When I was a student, a half-a-century ago, we would buy the complete works of Plato in paperback for 95 cents and Webster’s Unabridged Dictionary was $7.95 (it still has its paper jacket on which is imprinted the price)–that I still use. When I went to school fifty-some years ago, I only made $1 an hour as a laborer (I cleaned toilets at the teacher’s college); still, I saw my investment in books as an investment in my future. I built my own library from one book to 65,000 volumes that I still maintain (it has very little fiction, and what exists is classic: Austen, Forester, Sinclair, Lewis, Dumas–I was devoted to his Les Trois Mousquetaires, Goethe, and his 1774 novel Die Leiden des Jungen Werthers; but I savored most the Latin and Greek classics, as we were taught Latin in the sixth grade using Cicero and Cesar, but the Greek Sophocles and his immortal Οἰδίπους Τύραννος made an impression I never forgot, especially the lines on patricide: 791-93).

One of the more mature students (I use this phrase to protect her identity; hereafter I will refer to her as Mrs. M) was uniquely agile in this regard and questioned several trends found commonly in Perú in the teaching of the English language. I noted that most came from either bad textbooks or canned courses such as the IB Programme or books such as Travellers.

Samuel Johnson’s Dictionary

The trouble with the IB Programme is that it follows no established rules of good English. When I taught the First Certificate of English, its student disc was filled not only with linguistic errors, but one band actually had a female speaker not only excusing the theft of intellectual property, but justifying this breach of law by claiming “I know it is wrong, but everyone does it.” Many German soldiers led prisoners to their death at the concentration camps authorized by Adolf Hitler, but that did not justify their actions, as was the verdict at Nuremberg and became the foundation for the ICC to check into war crimes and adjudicate cases that reflect human rights violations and the abuse of body and mind. Unfortunately, with the exception of a few nations (Israel, Germany, and a small handful of other states), crimes against humanity are ignored. George W. Bush admitted to his war crimes, but Donald Trump has not–yet both men are responsible for mass suffering and deaths. Bush lied about Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMDs) and sent troops into Iraq where civilians were killed and children raped–and nothing was done about it. Trump held millions of Latinos in concentration camps, sided with Putin to end freedom for many in former soviet states, and geared up for war at the expense of peace, yet there is no talk of arresting, trying, or imprisoning this fascist who would do away with democracy as his riot of January 6 states loudly and is echoed by his gangs of goons: Proud Boys, Oath Keepers, Patriot Front, Sovereign Citizens, etc.

Police name 31 members of Patriot Front little army arrested for plan to riot during Idaho Pride event

The Patriot Front, Proud Boys, and Oath Keepers have become an increasing threat to democracy and this nation. They have formed paramilitary groups and travel around the nation recruiting others (especially police and military) and plot to interfere with LGBTQA+ activities, women’s rights, and racial equality as they did in Idaho.50 Proud Boys and Patriot Front, like other hate groups have spilled over into attacking the elderly,51 and the poor, matching the bigotry and crimes of the German Brown Shirts and the SS.52

FBI eyed White Nationalist Patriot Front for a year–and when they were arrested their masks were stripped off.

The police had watched the Patriot Front of white supremacists and white nationalists for a year. When the Patriot Front entered Idaho, the police acted. Arresting them, all wearing a mask to protect their identity, their masks were stripped of and their photos published nationwide.53

VII. The Challenge of Language

The greatest problem is that there is no standardized English. Vulgar English (or street English) has taken over which would have dismayed Samuel Johnson who worked hard in the eighteenth century to standardize the idiom by publishing his massive dictionary on April 15, 1755. The Dictionary was a work that took him nine years to complete with the aid of a single scribe.

Many Perú students have mastered some British English (but only vulgar/street English; such as “using a cooker before chipping into a lorry”; in American English that would be “preparing a meal on the stove before getting into a truck”) while others have studied American English (the majority of it being slang; they speak of “chicks” [girls] and “reeving up” [becoming excited] before “taking a bath” [bathing; I always wondered where they would take that bath–would they really carry a tub or shower stall into the street?).

While Perú-born teachers worked to enhance their knowledge and skills, the American teachers in Peru, who generally were the worse teachers I have met, hailed contemporary music (especially the Beatles, Rolling Stones, and Daddy Yankee) as the best way to learn English. That bit of knowledge I was told by the sales force at Merck Pharmaceuticals in Ate, a suburb of Lima when I first moved to Perú. They threw words around without any knowledge of their meaning and justified their commentaries as “matching the language of the students” noting that it really “wasn’t all that important to teach proper English as most students” would end up driving Ticos (a small taxi).

Most of the American teachers I knew (I taught with five at a private Roman Catholic Colegio (high school called San Augustine. where the Director of English could not speak the language but had to enlist the linguistic skills of his dual-language wife). When I resigned, others resigned too. They told me that they came to Peru for a temporary stay: they were: “on holiday” or “seeking a chance to meet Perú men” for temporary partnerships. Teaching was for “extra coins”.

SUTEP protesting required examinations in Lima 2007

While Perú has various “professional groups” from Sindicato Unitario de Trabajadores en la Educación del Perú or: SUTEP (the teachers’ union established to maintain jobs even when the teacher is totally incompetent) to various “institutes” whose sole purpose for existence was to make money off the citizens of Perú who want to escape their native land to move to the USA. Cinemas and tabloids spoke of the USA as if it really were heaven lined with streets of gold. They were assured everyone had a job, could “get” a house with a swimming pool, and earn extraordinarily high wages with little labor and no need for education.

No matter what I said, noting that they were living in a cinematic world of fantasy, I was reproached by those who viewed the luxurious lives of stars living in magnificent mansions and cruising on yachts and said that was the lifestyle of all Americans. Angelina Jolie was hailed as a prime example of what the USA offered once they viewed “her home” in “Tomb Raider”. Others declared that Bollywood showed India to be a land of great riches, massive palaces, fine clothes, unlimited gold, and a cornucopia of food and drinks, for all–and of course, beautiful women who “spoke English” (or at least uttered an English word here or there during the conversation, as most of the movies are made in Hindu). There were, the students declared, no poor or hungry in India or the USA as existed in Perú, as those in India sang and danced all day and drank their fill at night as cool air brushed past silken curtains supported by marble pillars astride polished stone walkways.

My goal has always been to teach correct academic English that draws from all English groups: USA, UK, Union of South Africa, and so forth. My goal has always been that the individual student would benefit from the entire plethora of English phraseology. As a philologist, I wanted words used correctly. I thought there were others like me. I went in search of them. I could not find one person who was a philologist in Peru–not one.

Take a chair

I was especially startled when I spoke with members of Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages, Inc. (TESOL) in Perú who spoke street English. One TESOL teacher told me to “take a chair” when I entered her office. When I picked it up and carried it from the room the teacher was livid and barked out a question about how I could dare perform such an action. I shrugged, and then gently reminded her that she told me to “take a chair”—and take (in both Castellaño Spanish and English) means “to carry”.

Politely I tried to refresh her memory by stating that she did not ask me to “sit down” and wait until she finished her conversation on the telephone. At that point, she shrieked, “I wanna do this clear: you are to give English courses”. At that point, I laughed so hard (knowing that I would never affiliate with a school where she was employed) that she became more hostile and warned “Iza gonna hit you hard if you put this in my face”. Nearly spitting, she informed me that she had graduated from “a top university in the US”. Gasping for breath, she asked me “why do you trouble me, so?”

Dutifully I responded. As carefully as I could I worded my comments, mentioning that there are no legitimate words such as “wanna” “iza” “gonna” or even “US” in any competent dictionary. I noted that the US was not the USA, as there are other United States: as is the case with the United States of Brasil [the “correct spelling”] as well as the United States of Mexico (it has 31 states) and various other countries that consider and style themselves as united states. I made no mention of my own education even though my school ranks in the top ten—her university is in the lower 40s according to the evaluation published by Business Week.

I never did determine what I was “put[ting] in her face.” I am totally inadequate with slang, and cannot comprehend gutter speech. Unfortunately, the other TESOL teachers whom I visited at different times for various reasons did not reassure me about the quality of a TESOL education. TESOL—it seemed too much like the rank rawness of the IB Programme. TESOL, like TOEFL, is a certificate awarded when a student passes an exam. Neither TESOL nor TOEFL is a degree, as is a BA, MA, Ph.D., and so forth.

I helped an American woman who had a BA and a TOEFL to initiate an MA program at a national university (UNPRG) in one of Perú’s provinces. We were to be a committee of three, but the third person, a man who also had a bachelor’s degree—although he always styled himself as “Doctor”–came only to the first and last meeting. He was concerned about his job as there was one more upheaval feared in the administration of the Language Department and this individual rode his motorcycle to the language center so he could sign his name and claim S/.50 (about $20 at the time) for each of the fifty hours Susan and I had spent on preparing the program for the master degree that he did not so much as offering one word during our writing. It will be good to see him more as I am tired of him telling everybody he is Dr. Professor–a title that is not even good German (it would be Professor Doktor) and styles himself as sitting in an endowed chair: Peruvian Professor. Such ego is easily overlooked or laughed at as such a title or distinction is not recognized at most universities in Lambayeque Province.

The National Universities of Perú has frequent administrator shifts. They are all based on politics, and the national university where I taught the students ruled the teachers, demanding less homework, easier grading, and giving a “point-by-point” address that they could write down and use in their own careers. I have never agreed with that ideology or pedagogy and did not follow student rules during my first semester.

Universidad Nacional Pedro Luis Gallo in Lambayeque, Peri

My career at the Universidad Nacional Pedro Luis Gallo54 came to an end abruptly when my students denounced me as incompetent, trying to sell my own books: I wrote the only book that I know of on the subject that the class was focused on, and brought copies of it from the USA and told the students where they could buy the books at S/.25 — if they wanted the book (you cannot buy originally published book in Perú for S/.25 about $8). The students complained that they had paid the national university $/.40 soles for materials and thus the book should be for free–even though I would not see the S/.25. Their final complaint was that I was not teaching the subject–a subject field I had created.

It was a pleasure to leave the university, especially following my “exit interview with the director of the language program in English who could not speak one word of English, necessitating that we have a student translate for us. When he made mention that the university might call me back for a course, I did muster the courage not to laugh but to say “Buena Suerte”.

I left with no regrets. I reasoned it was better not to teach than to teach that which is incorrect or caters to ignorance of which there is a bountiful supply in Perú schools and universities. There is no way I would ever teach at that university again.

Judgments or assessments, that I have had to make over my too-long career have been made based on test (oral and written) grades, participation, and basic academic standards: readings assigned were to be completed, papers required were written and not copied from Wikipedia, analyses were to be made and reasoning given, and so forth. Outside of Mrs. M, who was certainly the best student in the class and would have received a magnum cum laude with any certificate (it would have been higher, but she was troubled with numerous cellular calls, was called out of class by students, and even one professor who felt that the professor’s class was more important). Mrs. M exuded polish, and poise, and handled all emergencies even noting that she was being denied the opportunity to rank at the top with a full twenty points. Mr. D (I do wish he would have used his full name as is the custom in Perú as any quality education requires that the student adheres to the customs of the host nation and uses titles and names accordingly; I have added my mother’s surname following that of my father’s surname on Perú publications and in my classroom).

Mr. D did well: he wrote clearly, addressed issues punctually, patiently, and professionally, and was not afraid to question me or call me out on an issue that he found in his textbooks. He listened attentively, helped peers when queried, and provided humor during rather dry periods of presentation. Mr. D scored high and would be entitled to a cum laude recognition.

It is impossible to make any judgment on the rest of the class. No one other than Mrs. M and Mr. D participated to any level that raised their score. Of the students who did poorly (to be as generous as possible), I would urge each to accept some form of academic counseling or allow me to help them privately without charge. My offer was received negatively. No one wished for the extra effort by a “co-teacher” and “especially not during vacation”.

My greatest disappointment came when I would repeatedly be forced by my own academic standards to remind Ms. Sandoval that the Grammar course was an English course and all communications (written and verbal) had to be in English. She was not alone in speaking Spanish in an English class. Even during the final, these students insisted on speaking Castellaño with me.

To illustrate my thesis, I prepared the following graphs and charts on Excel to detail the realities of the class. I have kept every paper written. I have marks on each student’s participation. These I presented to the Directora, and now to the Academic Dean in this letter.

VIII. Analysis of Findings of the Research Project

Analysis of Results: The following analytic table shows that the highest score was earned by Mrs. M with 18.13. This was followed by Mr. D who merited a score of 18.00. The student body of 12, who participated in the course, had 50% successfully complete the course (based on XXXXX standards). The other 50% did not pass. Ms. N scored the lowest with 1.25.

Score ranking of professors

Universidad XXXX (my university where for several cycles I have been tasked with teaching the teachers of English, and no more than three out of fourteen have ever come to the same class, and ten never came to a single class, requires that test grades be rounded up once a grade is at .50. The tragedy is that the Director of the School of Translation, Interpretation and Foreign Languages and even the Academic Dean sent out letters to all teachers of English that the class was obligatory/mandatory. The teachers chose to ignore this since I was the “gringo” and allegedly cast aspersions on native Peruanos.

The negative effects of grade rounding have been documented by numerous educators, psychologists, and scientists (read here and here). Grade rounding promotes a psychologically unhealthy look at the value of serious work and scholarship. Students whose grades are rounded up waste time. They generally fail in real-life skills. The red line (above) show which students passed based on skill.

Pass-Fail score ranking of the Teachers of English where I taught for five years

Absences and participation scale at my university in Perú

Attendance and participation were markedly weak. Most points were lost because of no attendance or very little, and in most cases, participation did exist with the majority of the students, as seen in this graph to the right. It reflects not only the lack of knowledge, but being the teacher of the teacher demonstrates apathy and unwillingness to come to mandatory classes, do homework, turn in written projects, and prepare for any oral defense.

Frustration with these results was overwhelming. My faculty students were no better, and some were worse than my matriculating students’ ages 17 to 21. When teaching students who had not yet earned a degree, most of my students would tell me that going to discotheques (some within .5 km of a school or university, a few next doors to an educational center uniquely styled a university) drinking beer and having sex is more important than learning. I became used to students asking for the minimum grade to pass the course, and when I failed any one of them (I once failed an entire class at one of the most expensive private universities before resigning my position at that university) I was stalked, threatened (physically and sexually, the latter I found unusual as I am an old man), and publicly cursed on the street and get threatening e-mail from young females who failed my course.

Teachers, in general, tell me that what is important is to get paid and make parents, families, and churches happy with the student getting a degree that is not merited but could win the applicant a job that the individual could not handle and would ultimately leave to drive a Tico. Competent administrators support quality in education and demand expertise in a teacher’s knowledge of subject matter and fairness in grading. This, tragically, is not universally respected nor is it required everywhere in Perú.

Most damning of the Perú education system is there is little subject matter expertise, and what exists is in short supply and short-lived as once a faculty member has what is considered a permanent position, the teacher stops reading, researching, rethinking, and writing. It is as if the teacher died: breathing out old comments read from withering aged yellow notes or plugging in a projector to read PowerPoint presentations to students sleeping at their desks. No student challenges the teacher as if the teacher were a god or pope, and all I have queried have attested that they have been told since kindergarten that you neither defy nor interrupt a teacher.

I have listened to those who are acclaimed to be medical doctors tell patients that drinking cold water is bad for one’s health: leading to colds, indigestion, and influenza. I have become weary of listening to males state that a female is not a woman until she has had a baby (and stating that the function of a woman is to have sex with a man). Sex is seen as obligatory made imperative through peer pressure in most Perú schools by the time the girl is eleven, and as one of my teacher-students wrote in his essay, even at the age of ten; the entire scope of human sexuality is not known, and religion in Perú forbids birth control so that it is not rare to see a pre-teenage girl pregnant and frequently married to a pre-teenage boy.

Lena Medina (age 5, 1933)

Lina Medina (born September 27, 1933, in Ticrapo, Huancavelica Region, Peru) was the youngest girl to become pregnant at the age of five; the parents and the local doctor thought she had a tumor, and only by consulting other “specialists” realize that she was 7.5 months pregnant. Her son weighed six pounds at birth. Today she is 78 years old. This is especially true in Roman Catholic and evangelical protestant schools but is rising rapidly in the public school system.

Civil engineers work in groups so that ten can watch one of the team dig a hole that has no circumvention. I learned the hard way how unfortunate the architectural engineering schools were in the provinces, as although I had a blueprint for my new home, the “architectural engineer” used no basic tools in laying out the perimeters for constructing the edifice. In my home there is not a single square room; the builders went by eye-sight (my kitchen is almost a trapezoid). The tiles on the floor show that each room is unique: there is no square, no triangle, no recognizable shape—it is like living as a character in Alice in Wonderland—yet the architectural engineer who assembled my home from bricks and mortar, slopped down tiles was as accomplished as the carpenter where no window closes, gaps between the window and sill is so great the flies and crickets can enter without difficulty and both men are lauded as being among the finest in Perú.

IX. What solutions exist to solve Perú’s educational decline?

First, teachers must be subject-matter experts. Students are not inspired by teachers who read a book (I wish it were in the plural) at them. A subject-matter expert is not a facilitator. A facilitator is a person responsible for leading or coordinating the work of a group, as one who leads a group discussion and is not expected to have a wide or encompassing range of knowledge: a subject-matter expert does, and is the accomplished specialist or authority in a field who sits in a chair of knowledge as one proven to be brilliant, such as Stephen Hawking the former Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge. Students deserve nothing less than the best—not a token of knowledge and understanding.

Second, teachers must teach, and not depend on games, whistles, and bells—and definitely not on PowerPoint presentations of material plagiarized from Wikipedia. When I decided to continue my teaching appointment, it came when my Academic Dean told a troop of frustrated teachers who could not find overheads and computers that in the past teachers used chalk on blackboards. I remember those days when I taught without notes and wrote keywords on blackboards with white chalk.

Teachers must teach as if there is no electricity, no magic markers, and no mechanical or artificial aids. Those alleged educators who do not know their subject field must not teach–as it takes no less than twice the time to unlearn bad education and to study subjections seriously the first time and master content.

Google translator is not a good translator

Far more damaging is the misuse of the computer and the slavish devotion to Google interpretation software. For example, I received this note: (asi sea un minuto que tenga libre quiero estar con usted) that Google mistranslated as (so for a minute you have a clear wanna be with you). A teacher imparts knowledge or skill to others, as did Socrates and Christopher Hitchins or Richard Dawkins. They know the past and interpret the past according to the epoch in which something occurred, but they are able to relate it to the present and see beyond the parochial narrowness of established doctrines and designs. There is no acceptable word “wanna” as that is vulgar English: an idiom of the alleys used by thugs, thieves, and punks. (Quiero is correctly translated as I want to). I find it only in McGraw-Hill’s fourth edition of Spears, Richard A. (2007) Dictionary of American Slang and Colloquial Expressions.

Without emotion or regret, I fail all papers that use street terms, including izza (it is a), gonna (going to), et cetera. It is not vindictiveness nor is it vengeance. If a word is temporary, those who come across it a generation from now will not understand its meaning. Thus “gay” today means “homosexual” but “homosexual” was not a word until it was invented in 1892, when it appeared in C.G. Chaddock’s translation of Krafft-Ebing’s Psychopathia Sexualis.

Merry Gentleman (carol singers, illustration 1844) London

Gay originally meant “happy” or “brilliantly colored”. A “merry gentleman” was benevolent–not fat but a man concerned with others and tries his best to raise for them some money for food and drink (as so beautifully described by Charles Dickens in his Christmas Carol) and bring mirth and music into an impoverished world.

Third, students must take responsibility for their education (read here and here). Students must be challenged and required to substantiate claims (read here and here and here). They must question all things, as Socrates spoke so eloquently55 and ask questions of themselves, their peers, and most of all—of their teachers.

There is never a time when students should blindly accept what any teacher says without questioning (that was considered de rigueur from the days of psychical petrifaction of the mind with the alleged writings of Augustine of Hippo who loved the ladies and had a bastard he named Gift of the Gods (Adeodatus) through the dark damaged days of the Ox Aquinas who found misery to be satisfying as if he were an Albanian nun living sadistically in India, through the torturous trampling of Torquemada and into the nineteenth century), and no teacher should ever allow a student answer to be a single word: “yes” (or) “no”.

Instead of a single word (there are no one-word “sentences” as by definition a sentence must have one noun and one verb) the student must detail the reason for the affirmation or negation, must offer concrete examples, and reject the mythology of any one source or any one person being infallible on any point within the pursuit of inquiry. For over fifty years, I remind my students, daily, that all sentences must have at least one noun plus one verb; a “yes” or “no” does not qualify as a sentence, and it does not reflect knowledge or rejoinder to a question. The highlight of my life occurred when I was in England and enjoyed the tutorship of the world’s leading Cistercian scholar told me to prove him wrong. I did.

Emperor Constantine I burned Arian books (from a compendium on law c. 825 CE)

Mystified at my early ignorance the more I studied, I learnt that a learned scholar holds nothing sacred–there is nothing sacred–as the true scholar is married to the conduct of inquiry where there are no borders nor boundaries from which the learned person can dig, unbury, and bring into the light of knowledge that which was rejected or destroyed centuries ago, as when Constantine inanely and stupidly burned the works of Arius and other “heretics” and “apostates” in a frightening way to protect his own creation: a “catholic [universal] church” that he created in 325 CE at his Council of Nicea fashioning out the Jesus he sought with the advise both accepted and rejected by various groups from Sabellians to Montanists, Arians to numerous other heretics (αιρετικούς), apostates (αποστάτες) who were considered renegades, defectors, turncoats, seceders and secessionists, none of whom were any of the trumped up charges by the wiley bishops who were so corrupt they had mistresses as well as wives, drank excessively and pandered to the emperor in order to curry favor and flattery as they followed his own instruction to enhance, embrace, and enliven the texts and tracts of Paulinity that had next to nothing, to be charitable, to any of the writings about the sayings and actions of the Jesus of the New Testament who ate with prostitutes, tax collectors and beggars and rejected any call to condemn anyone for any lifestyle that the upperclass in ancient Judea considered to be demeaning to them even when the individual´s actions did not directly nor even indirectly affect them. But the Arians who faithfully followed the more pristine message of the priest Arius were far more compatible with the congregations of christianos and chrestianos than all the self-righteous bishops feasting on swollen grapes and sweatmeats. Arius was but the hallmark of a movement that could have generated peace and brotherhood, but Constantine wanted a united front against the people who had been defending his walls and land and continued to refuse to pay them. Arius and those who were cast aside were far more in the nature and order of the New Testament Jesus and more in keeping with the will of the people as were all of the men and women who did not bow to Constantine’s craven capital that mocked the very message of the poverty of Jesus, a man who had no pillow, no bed, nothing but the grains he picked on the Sabbath in a field far from the pretentious homes of those elevated by graft to high places where wine flowed freely and the priestly class dined lavishly on the sacrifice of fatted calf and young doves.

Hypatia of Alexandria: philosopher, mathematician, scientist (murdered March 415 CE)

Arius and others like him, whose works were consigned to the flames, but whose loyal followers found time and strength to sneak them from the librarian in charge of the burning and carry them to Egypt, to the Copts, and to Ethiopia to protect them found support among the community of Christians divided from the Paulinists, from the early days of chrestianos and christianos who lived in catacombs. Those who followed Constantine and his brand of Christianity burned what they considered to be pagan scrolls. Their actions were but a forerunner for other atrocities committed in the name of a god throughout history: from the attacks on librarians and the burning of libraries (such as at Alexandria, Egypt where Hypatia was savagely

Catacomb Christians burning books 125 CE

martyred by “confessing Christians” on the command of their nefarious bishop. The skin of her back was torn out by the nails of Coptic monks who threw her living body on a bonfire of rare manuscripts) to the purge of Greek philosophers and their works on hydraulics (Archimedes) to irrigation, planting, crop rotation, medicine, birth control, and other sciences that would not return to Europe until the time of Leonardo Da Vinci who not only drew the plans for an “airship” but even for a self-propelled automobile. That the work of late medieval scientists survived and the classics was protected did not come from the charity or safeguarding by the Roman Catholic Church, but instead were rescued by Moors, Arabs, and Muslims who lived in

Renaissance Christians burning books

Europe from 400-1500 CE. When Roman Catholic priests and bishops were not burning books, the early protesters who became Protestants with the rise of Martin Luther, took over and added Roman Catholic studies and tracts to their bonfires of the vanities. The burning of tracts written by those who dissented from the ravages of wisdom by single-minded monsters from Martin Luther and John Calvin to John Knox and to the evangelicals in Lima in 2008 destroying Roman Catholic prayer books and missals, to the extremist evangelical communities that openly pray, protest, and advocate for the murder of non-evangelicals, LGBTQA+. women who have had an abortion, Blacks, Asians, and other racial minorities in the USA and UK burned the Harry

Harry Potter books were burned in 2001 by Protestant Evangelicals

Potter books by J. K. Rawlings (claiming that they were about witches and spells and instruments of their imaginary devil; the congregation of the Christ Community Church in Alamogordo in southern New Mexico heard an anti-Harry Potter sermon in which Pastor Jack Brock claimed56 the characters in the Harry Potter series taught children to take up wizardry),

Jack Brock

and Protestant pastors burning Korans in Florida, led by evangelical Terry Jones of September 11, 2011, to USA military incinerating the Muslim bible in 2012 when not urinating on the Koran in Afghanistan and Pakistan and then openly questioning why the Afghans and Pakis hated them so much, tried to assassinate them or sent young children strapped with dynamite to their stations or barracks and were willing to blow themselves up if they would at least kill one of the evil Americans who had desecrated their holy scripture. The military in the Muslim world had chaplains who claimed that Christianity was the sole true faith and that all other religions were false and their god’s demons–the very same words used by evangelical chaplains at the Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs, Colorado, and the military academy at West Point, New York, who led their troops, including the unwilling and nonbelieving, to prayer to a jealous god who demanded blood and death to determine who was saved, capitalizing on the single New Testament message that made the Jesus of the New Testament a theological terrorist (Matthew 10:34: μη νομισητε οτι ηλθον βαλειν ειρηνην επι την γην ουκ ηλθον βαλειν ειρηνην αλλα μαχαιραν).57

White evangelical Christians for Trump: “the Chosen One.

While the majority of pastors are Baptist, they are not alone as white Christian evangelicals argue that their Jesus wants all LBGTQA+ people dead. A few Black evangelicals are entering their ranks since most evangelicals in the USA believe that Donald Trump is the “Ch9sen One” of their god–supplanting and surpassing their Jesus.58 When white Christian evangelicals are questioned by mainstream Christians and Jews about their claim and reminded the evangelicals that according to their bibles (New Testament, Old Testament, Prophets, and Torah) there was only one Chosen by their god. For non-evangelicals, it is Jesus, the Jews are waiting for a Messiah (but no one brings up the fateful line In “the book” of Job (2:1-2):

וַיְהִ֣י הַיּ֔וֹם וַיָּבֹ֙אוּ֙ בְּנֵ֣י הָֽאֱלֹהִ֔ים לְהִתְיַצֵּ֖ב עַל־יְהוָ֑ה וַיָּב֤וֹא גַֽם־הַשָּׂטָן֙ בְּתֹכָ֔ם לְהִתְיַצֵּ֖ב עַל־יְהוָֽה׃

וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יְהוָה֙ אֶל־הַשָּׂטָ֔ן אֵ֥י מִזֶּ֖ה תָּבֹ֑א וַיַּ֨עַן הַשָּׂטָ֤ן אֶת־יְהוָה֙ וַיֹּאמַ֔ר 

With Nazi approval, German university students began burning books to increase German awareness

The USA atrocities and crimes against humanity by the US military in the Middle East were no less vile or odious than the mutilation of thought and life of people under the Nazis of the Third Reich, with the blessings of the Roman Catholic, Lutheran, and Protestant clergy, who allowed German students to burned books on May 10, 1933, on the university campus. The armed thugs who carried out this crime against humanity included disgruntled you who could not find employment, young sexually frustrated men who could not secure dates, racists who thought of themselves as superior to Jews, Roma (gypsies), and conservatives who believed they were entitled to benefits, jobs, homes, and health care over all other people (hating liberals, academics, and non-Christians).  Those volumes cast into flames were devoted to science, philosophy, literature, and sexual therapy studies:

“Auf der Ehrentribuene begrueát Hitler den evangelischen Reichsbischof Ludwig Mueller” ; Roman Catholic, Lutheran, and Evangelical bishops and clergy supported burning books in Nazi Germany

especially those written by Jews and the “Godless Jew” Sigmund Freud with the aim of increasing German nationalism and war to take control over the planet. In Berlin, the German Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels gave a speech to the students, declaring:

“The era of extreme Jewish intellectualism is now at an end. The breakthrough of the German revolution has again cleared the way on the German path…The future German man will not just be a man of books, but a man of character. It is to this end that we want to educate you. As a young person, to already have the courage to face the pitiless glare, to overcome the fear of death, and to regain respect for death – this is the task of this young generation. And thus you do well in this midnight hour to commit to the flames the evil spirit of the past. This is a strong, great and symbolic deed – a deed which should document the following for the world to know – Here the intellectual foundation of the November (Democratic) Republic is sinking to the ground, but from this wreckage the phoenix of a new spirit will triumphantly rise…”

New York Society for the Suppression of Vice (19th century seal)

From this the world would learn the truth of “Dort, wo man Bücher verbrennt, verbrennt man am Ende auch Menschen”: which translates as Where they burn books, in time, they will also burn people. Sadly, as the Spanish thinker, Jorge Santayana pointed out, “Those who do not learn from the past are doomed to repeat the mistakes of the past.” The destruction of literature, and the burning of scrolls and books, did not start with the Nazis in the middle of the twentieth century. nor has it been a hallmark of an embryonic or modern civilization, as all people of all times and climes have feared the loss of control of those who they saw as subordinate or inferior. It was, however, but was a part of the culture of the USA where purity crusades were determined to dumb down education and approve only select subjects. People were denied the freedom to read, and the government of the USA became as draconian as the Roman Catholic Church in establishing censorship laws, outlawing specific books and writers–a virus that multiplied for decades and grew catastrophically under the misrule of Congress led by US Senator Joe McCarthy (R-WI), a Roman Catholic, and Richard Milhouse Nixon (R-CA) technically a Quaker. The greatest blow for justice came that momentous minute when

Trial of Galileo

the erudite and fully articulate scientist and critical thinker and theorist Stephen Hawking, the author of the discovery of Black Holes and wrote extensively on the Big Bang sat in the Lucian chair of Mathematics at Cambridge University and demanded to see the Trial of Galileo secreted by the Roman Catholic Inquisition headed by the nefarious German guard-dog Josef cardinal Ratzinger during his visit to the Vatican (Hawking was born 300 years after Galileo died). He was countered by the ignorance of John Paul II who ordered the scholar not to tred where only his god would walk.

Fourth, students must be taught to understand that just because something is in a book or it is stated as fact by a teacher, preacher, priest or administrator does not mean it is true (for example, Pope Pius XII proclaimed Munificentissimus Deusas an attestation of the assumption of the mother of Jesus body and soul into heaven, matching directly the theology of ancient

Isis (Goddess of Creation, Queen of Heaven) with Maat (text reads: Isis: all that has been, is, or ever will be)

Egypt where Isis rose from the sea and soared into the heavens to wear the stars in her hair while the moon was at her feet (cp. Herodotus, Historia 2: 42, 156). Scholars know that no single book contains all knowledge, and no one can use a book to prove the veracity of the book’s contents.

Fifth, true learners discard the myth that any one person is infallible on anything (infallibility is derived from the pseudo-Siricus’ law c. 385 CE, a bishop of Rome (there were no bishops in Rome before the third century as even the Catholic Encyclopedia details) was resurrected in 1139 CE and moved forward by those gold-seeking pontiffs who wanted to enrich the church by limiting academic growth and questioning church decided “true facts” (a redundancy in itself: an aberration that caught on under the fascist presidency of Donald J. Trump and spewed by Sarah Huckabee Sanders as his spokesperson59). Facts are theories: they must be continuously reassessed, reviewed, reinvestigated, and reproved—infinitely. Fact is not faith (faith cannot be proven as it is a private matter and as such has no place in the academic world and the conduct of inquiry).

Sixth, scholars show that nothing is certain. As the ancient Greeks knew, “Everything changes but changes itself: Heraclitus of Ephesus (c. 535 – c. 475 BCE).” Euripides (ca. 480 – 406 BC) wrote: Question everything. It is by questioning the individual learns as there is nothing sacred that cannot be questioned (originally phrased by Socrates, defined by Plato, and refined by American essayist Ralph Waldo Emerson (May 25, 1803 – April 27, 1882) and other thinkers. (The origin of this popular phrase was originally “Our new Constitution is now established, and has an appearance that promises permanency; but in this world, nothing can be said to be certain, except death and taxes.” Benjamin Franklin, in a letter to Jean-Baptiste Leroy, 1789.)

Perú teachers protest competency tests in 2007, arguing that if they possess a degree they are knowledgeable; assessments show that less than 5% are competent in their subject area.

Seventh, all teachers and students must be tested. Schools must be evaluated and accredited. Testing and accreditation should be done yearly. In Perú this has been extraordinarily rare, with the teacher’s union SUTEP (composed of the least-learned teachers in Perú) fighting it vigilantly and violently on the streets of Lima and other testing centers. The end results were shocking, with most reports noting that out of the 180,000 – 185,000 teachers who took the most basic of exams determining primary competence and literacy, only 151 passed. Because of the interference of religious-based ignorance, science has become as backward as that in Louisiana and espoused by Michelle Bachmann (R-MN) who is running to be president of the USA (read here and here). It should be noted that in the USA nearly 75% of all GOP USA Senators do not believe in evolution or science.

Marta Chavez rewrote the Perú Constitution to allow for the dictatorship of Alberto Fujimori

 

In Perú, the greatest enemy of education and democracy is Congresista Martha Gladys Chávez Cossío de Ocampo a firm supporter of dictatorship and plutocracy as seen in her rewriting of the Perú Constitution to let mass-murderer and dictator Alberto Fujimori run for unlimited terms, her desire to destroy structures built by common people, her denunciation of those who called on the dictator Fujimori’s daughter Keiko and his other children to return the nearly $1 million stolen from the national treasury to fund their education in the USA, and her declaration that her Constitution was more sacred than any other document in the history of Perú.
Eighth, when it comes to hiring a teacher in any subject area, those in charge of filling academic appointments must look beyond the degree. Competency requires knowledge about the school and its faculty and their academic production and scholarship from which a degree. Of even greater importance are the credentials of the individual professors who taught the applicant and his or their own educational and academic progression as teachers. There are no standard competency tests for teachers. Provided that the teacher passes at least half of his or her class, he or she will be invited to teach another cycle, as most schools (especially those that are private and for-profit) keep faculty that brings in revenue so that the owners of the schools, which now actually attempt to entice parents to enroll their children by dropping the Spanish Colegio

Bruning “College” (Chiclayo, Perú) photo taken by the author of this article.

American College is a kindergarten across from the Roman Catholic university USAT in Chiclayo. It has no curriculum and no qualified licensed instructors. It exists only for the money and children are not given a sound education.

(school) for the English word college even for kindergarten and primary/secondary centers. The true definition of a college is “an institution of higher learning, especially one providing a general or liberal arts education rather than technical or professional training” or “a constituent unit of a university, furnishing courses of instruction in the liberal arts and sciences, usually leading to a bachelor’s degree.” When one is done with a college education, that individual moves up to the university and advanced education leading to a master’s or doctoral degree. Education does not stop when the diploma is proffered. Education is a never-ending journey that continues and does not stop until the learner is dead. The acquisition of knowledge is judged by the educator’s research and writing skills that must undergo peer review and be accepted for publication in a sound academic journal or by a scholarly press.

Cambridge University in the UK was once a credible institution of higher learning and not for more than four hundred years given to fantasy. In the twentieth century, it has graduated those who mastered tricks to take degrees and then reject current research and publications in quest of elevating fantasies to facts while pushing sectarian superstitions. This is graphically seen with Stephen C. Meyer. Meyer took a Ph.D. in “science” (it is actually a degree in the philosophy and history of science) from the celebrated university that had on its faculty such luminaries as Sir Isaac Newton and Stephen Hawking. His books against Darwinism are published by the Roman Catholic press Ignatius and have nothing of science about them, but a repeat in new words of the myths of the Judaeo-Christian Bible.

Meyer, like most imposters, has a self-written and promoted page on Creationwiki that allows for no responses nor does it give any criticism by any authority against creationism/Intelligent Design (read here and here). Meyer has had only one essay published by a reputable, peer-review journal: Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, but its own editor believes that its entry had a dubious origin as it does not fit the rigors of scholarly inquiry, and was paid to be included by Richard Sternberg who is one of the one hundred signatories who endorsed ID. Meyer’s stand, saturated with misleading scientific citations more in keeping with a desperate freshman than a Cambridge PhD, is extraordinarily popular with the pseudo scholar Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne (whose two doctorates are (1) theology, and (2) philosophy, and has no science or embryological study background) and other conservative bishops in the Roman Catholic Church who either never had a course in science or has rejected it as being unbiblical (Meyer’s photograph is opposite that of Benedict XVI).

Meyer quickly gave his degree the lie and now teaches creationism under the disguise of Intelligent Design. He has a video produced by the Chuck Colson Institute for Christian Values. Meyer uses any podium to propagandize mythology debunked centuries ago, yet has marshaled an army to ensure that it enters public and private school curricula—especially in educationally weak states where ignorance is celebrated in “tail-gating” parties pushed pedantically by parents in quest of watching a football game rather than enriching their minds and those of their children with serious discussion. This downgrading of education is especially true in such illiterate states as Texas (which has the rare exception of Rice University) where the public schools are more of breeding grounds for unwanted babies and ignorance, Louisiana, Alabama, and Mississippi—and now finds Perú ripe for the misrepresentation that is patulously permeating through the pathosis of Opus Dei.

David Barton and wife at Republican National Convention (2000)

As unsavory as Meyer, David Barton is more strange, bizarre, mentally unbalanced, and unlearned. Barton delights in carrying large stacks of books that he has never read. He rules on textbooks in Texas as a “historian” but has no authentic historical education (he did not go to any reputable college). The Texas School Board of Education chaired by Governor Rick Perry’s “right hand” (Gail Lowe) loves Barton, as “he is pure Texans” and without a clue. Barton, like Michele Bachmann (R-MN) and Sarah Palin (R-AK), transmogrify facts fancifully in revisions of reality, as when they claim that (1) all USA founding fathers were Christians (only five claimed that distinction), or (2) that the Blacks of the eighteenth and nineteenth century were better off as slaves than they are today. Unfortunately, they are less a threat to democracy than actor “Dr.”  Mehmet Oz who peddled fake drugs and other misinformation now running for the US Senate for Pennsylvania, and Hershell Walker who is constantly caught up in lies and is the Republican Senate candidate for Georgia.60

Barton deliberately invents history to conform to his ontology and revisionist agenda that the Texas Board of Education is too undereducated/uneducated (or plain unintelligent) to know is false. His poorly written “histories” have no legitimate citations, and Barton cannot even note or quote any reputable historian with even marginal accuracy. It is not at all surprising that even on his website Barton cannot confirm his authorities or citations. He admits as much—much like most of the professors that mutilate education in Perú today—especially in parochial institutions where they hold themselves as authorities—but are totally illiterate in their subject matter field.

While pretending to be a historian, Barton waltzes into science debates and claims that the discussion of creationism and Darwinism is destroying civilization today and leading to its ultimate death. Today, these political leaders are in the advance of the warriors attacking global warming as a myth, decry science (73% of the GOP US Congress does not believe in evolution; read here and here), and think that a corporation is a person and that a fertilized ova is a baby at the moment that the sperm enters the egg. One Oklahoma legislator, Constance Johnson, who had enough of the

State Legislator Constance Johnson (D-OK)

arrogance and ignorance of the males in the legislature arguing that they were the only ones to decide what any woman could do with her body–as if they were god and judge–became so enraged that she boldly scribbled by hand an amendment to be added to the proposed misogynistic legislation on “personhood”. Ms. Johnson wrote quickly, clearly, and then with steel resolve dropped her proposed amendment into the legislative file to be considered and voted on. What made Ms. Johnson’s proposed amendment startling and gaining for it and its author worldwide attention was that the proposed amendment declared that every sperm cell a baby–and to release the semen without the intent to procreate a life would be tantamount to murder. Thus masturbation was a crime of mass murder. How anything that is natural in that is found among all species on this planet, and is normal as it occurs regularly and with all species on this planet, and has even serious qualities of goodness and with its acceptance leads to a solid foundation for superior mental health could be condemned and denied not only by churchmen but even by alleged psychologists is worth an inquiry, as the last to write about the evils of masturbation as a disease occurred in the nineteenth century. Many of those who denied its therapeutic qualities ultimately admitted that they too, especially as children and during the period when they were unmarried masturbated–but then we read that only the male masturbate as few would consider it possible that a woman could masturbate, feel pleasure and a sense of completeness in the process. Women were further demeaned by claiming that sexually she was insensitive–the truth being that the male ejaculated prematurely and failed to bring his female counterpart to the same bliss he existed. But the mythological Saint Paul did write, as clergy clearly point out, that women are to be subordinate to men. What nonsense!

Constance Johnson’s amendment SB1433 to declare sperm a person

The proposed amendment, she later admitted, was deliberately written to show the stupidity of the embryo law passed in the Oklahoma Senate). Perú is not immune from this chicanery and fatuous puerility where legislatures and leaders of communities expose their ignorance and contempt for people they feel are inferior to themselves and need, especially, a man’s hand to direct “the little ladies” to the path that the women are expected to walk. This is especially true in religious schools at all levels where stagnation adeles minds and makes scholarship a joke. This is best seen in the tautological pronouncement of the bishop of Lambayeque, Jesús Moliné Labarte who succeeded Ignacio María de Orbegozo y Goicoechea (founder of Santo Toribio de Mogrovejo Catholic University: USAT one of many schools in Perú where free inquiry and debate is discouraged, and Opus Dei theology pushed in all academic fields) one year and two months after the Spanish born Orbegozo y Goicoechea, a priest of Opus Dei since 1951 died.

Labarte’s minimal intellectual prowess is common knowledge but he is entertaining for he sounds like and parades himself to be the equal of Darth Vadar, speaking out on topics he has never studied nor understands and has won the enmity of Cipriani Thorne who sees him as an enemy of himself and Opus Dei. Since 1997, the venom of Cipriani Thorne has been spat at the Perú College of Bishops, as Cipriani Thorne is determined that he will preside over all aspects of every individual’s life in Perú.

Lambert is not the only “fool for Christ” (1 Corinthians 4:10 and 2 Corinthians 3:18 – 4:8-13). Most professors at Roman Catholic (and some evangelical) universities who have adopted Opus Dei rules and regulations, have surrendered their own reasoning power and followed the words of a man who would beat himself with a whip until his bathroom was turned red with his own blood (read here and here and here and here where John Paul II would follow the example set by Escrivá who would whip himself at least one thousand times–a sign of severe sexual sublimation and sadomasochistic psychotic schizophrenia as a means of self-abasement and self-punishment or self-humiliation; it does not reflect humility but is seen as an act by people who abuse themselves while suffering severe mental problems), are under the hypnotic trance of Escrivá that they cannot think independently, but refer back to Escrivá’s tome The Way for “spiritual guidance.” What most members of Opus Dei do not know or refuse to understand is that this form of self-whipping is actually a part of a pagan pre-Christian Roman cult known as the Lupercalia when naked young men ran through the streets with thongs cut from the hide of goats that had just been sacrificed so that women who wished to conceive could put themselves in their way to receive blows (usually upon their hands) as a means to entice the goddess of fertility (Cybele, who was originally known as Bona Dea; her theology developed from Anatolia) to make them ovulate and conceive. The goddess of childbirth and safe delivery is Candelifer.

Statue of the Goddess Cybele (queen of fertility) in Madrid, Spain

Eunuch priests of the goddess Cybele, known as the Galli (from this word we get the word Galatians, which means “castrated priests” thus the Letter to the Galatians was to a group of castrated men–not to a city–who lived near the river Gallus that was believed effective in curing mental illnesses), flogged themselves until they bled during the annual festival called Dies sanguinis (days of blood), while in Greco-Roman mystery religions required at times ritual flagellation before their congregations as a testimony to faith and to appease any one of their crucified saviors who hungered for human blood that was considered to be the elixir of life. It is depicted in the Villa of the Mysteries at Pompeii, apparently showing initiation into the Dionysian Mysteries.

Once, Emperor Constantine I established the catholic church in 325 CE, these rituals were incorporated into rituals known as the “Passion of Christ” but the writing of whippings were later editions to the gospel narratives; the original texts were focused on the spiritual mortification of the flesh through fasting. The concept did not become radicalized until the thirteenth century when monks were the first to fester their flesh with whippings by various corded instruments made of animal skin to boards dotted with metal pieces. It is from this collective lunacy that Opus Dei brought the mentally unbalanced practice to the forefront of Roman Catholicism.

Clemens Bretano

A Roman Catholic priest who teaches Christology at a provincial university uses Mel Gibson’s pulp fiction “The Passion of Christ” which has little in common with any version of the Gospel by any group but was the written expression of the mental illness and hallucinations of the disturbed German nun Anne Catherine Emmerich (1774–1824)61 and sings the praises of Opus Dei to keep his job. Emmerich’s writings were embellished by the now-discredited Clemens Bretano62 Even the Vatican under enfeebled and Parkinson’s Disease suffering John Paul II stated that the writing’s historicity cannot be proven, but acclaimed the celebration of the nun’s religiosity–a religiosity that bordered on insanity.

Carlos Cuauhtemoc Sanchez

While sociology is the study of the origin, development, organization, and functioning of human society, another professor at a private university requires readings of religious fiction. The professor feasts on one Mexican author who is referred to, popularly, as a comic and defines science as a study of God’s plan for the world. (The “professor” is Carlos Cuauhtemoc Sanchez, who is described as “a fraud, a plagiarist, and an opportunist” by The Chronicle of Higher Education). The “professor” is a member of Opus Dei, and is considered “an imposter”. He is styled “a writer of fiction” and has been exposed on YouTube, and is exposed elsewhere. Sanchez’s book A Desperate Cry (paperback, 1997) has been judged as “having no literary merit” “the worst” and “a fake trashy novel” that people should avoid wasting money on. Sanchez’s entry in Wikipedia is self-written (using Google translator) as are the references to his works with Wikipedia issuing a warning that the writing does not meet Wikipedia standards. There is no mention made in the Perú provincial professor’s syllabus or lectures during a short four-week course of such luminaries as Andrew Abbott (USA), Jane Addams (USA), Francesco Alberoni (Italy), Alwardi Ali (Iraq), Stanislav Andreski (Poland), Aaron Antonovsky (Israel), Anne Barges (France), Gregory Bateson (UK), Ulrich Beck (Germany), Walden Bello (Philippines), Mohamed Cherkaoui (Morocco), Manuel De Landa (Mexico), Georgi Dimitrov Dimitrov (Bulgaria), Jose Mauricio Domingues (Brasil), or others. Sadly, he ignores the limited contributions of his own peers and sets himself up as being the great determiner. Students learn nothing about aboriginal or exogamous life, gangs, or ghettos. The professor is a thief of students’ time, money, and learning, yet is free to roam the campus and spew nonsense and ignorance under the stained mantle of academe that he has self-appropriated.

Perú law states that to teach at the university level, the teacher must have at least one Master’s degree—yet few possess more than a Licentiate (to teach in a primary or secondary school a bachelor’s degree is required). A genuine doctoral degree is rare (and the few dissertations that I have read would qualify at best for a high school term paper with a few rare ones weighing in at the master level.

Cesar Acuna before his run for the presidency.

The biggest fraud is Cesar Acuna, the founder of UCV who claimed he had both a Master’s and Doctor’s degree but was exposed as having turned in papers/theses that were plagiarized63. Teachers are self-styled doctors (a term commonly used for lawyers, but now can be for any degree specialty) on their curriculum vitae and by feign-praising students seeking to ingratiate themselves with the teacher (I had one student write, angrily, that he would rather be loved as a “friend” than to be known as an educated man who could disseminate knowledge). This has to change—now. The longer the wait (poco a poco) the less value Perú has in the world and the more its wealth will be taken by those who will offer a few dollars for thousands of dollars of goods, natural resources, and artifacts. Science and economics have by-passed Perú as RPP notes. Unless the change is now, there will be no Perú tomorrow.

José Antonio Chang

Ninth, Perú needs more funding. While the government of Perú spends only 3% of its GNP on education, placing it the rank of 107 in the world, Bolivia spends 6.3% and is 25 in the world ranking (the USA spends 5.7% and the UK spends 5.3%).

Perú has no serious priority. It awards lavish wealth to those who serve in the Congress in Lima (such as the infamous Susy Diaz {Susana Yvonne Díaz Díaz (born in Lima, 28 September 1963) and who claims to be an actress between her various marriages to men younger than herself}, along with various Futball (soccer) and volleyball players who won their seats based on athletic prowess not academic or intellectual ability. The South American nation that borders Bolivia, Brasil, Chile, and Ecuador has not had a true scholar in its ranks since the days when Antonio Chang was Minister of Education under Alan Garcia Perez. Chang not only attempted to test the teachers of Perú, with only 151 having a marginally passing grade out of more than 185,000 teachers that took the basic primary examination but has fallen dramatically under the Humala presidency with SUTEP: a thoroughly corrupt union that protects the incompetent and does not demand its members be subject matter experts member. Surprisingly, Humala who entered the presidency with the same promise of change that Barack Obama entered the American presidency, nothing changed except cronies were from newer charges interested in obtaining wealth, as with Humala’s brother flying to Russia with the false claim he represented Perú yet could not present any official documentation as a negotiator or an ambassador. The one thing that Humala did was appoint Patricia Salas O’Brien who claims to be a sociologist, but in Perú is to produce a diploma or a certificate but no documentation as to classes taken, teachers studied or examples of any advanced investigation or research. There are several teachers who claim to have doctorates (the most absurd is to claim to have a Ph.D. in Education, whereas in the rest of the world that doctorate is styled an Ed.D., but in Perú there exists the self-glorifying who claim that if they pass an exam, such as PET, FCE, CAE, have a right to the seldom-used title Professor that requires a doctorate and substantial publications in the rest of the world, and schools throughout Latin America think that an ESL, TOEFL, etc. are degrees when they are examinations.)

Patricia Salas O’Brien, Minister of Education

Salas O’Brien wants to change the history textbooks—but with no promise that they will be objective, honest, and factual—by adding, by 2013, a section on the Truth Commission (video is here); most likely when the books are reworked for a person in power, they will become a rehash of sectarian and special interest propaganda to delight the one Congresista who has little interest in the poor, the rural, and illiterate to barely-illiterate: Martha Chavez. It will be nearly impossible for Perú ever to win international accreditation—but Perú education can be purchased. Salas O’Brien’s plan is ambitious (see video here). If it works it will succeed only if vested interests intent on keeping the conduct of inquiry suppressed are silenced and reminded that education is for students and educators–not for religious groups nor for industries that hold sway and define learning in a way that will further limit the future generations’ ability to make choices and enter a new life.

Tenth, it is past time to remove the influence of sectarian theology and churches from academic institutions. Academic studies require a critical appraisal of facts. Religion relies on a belief structure that cannot be scientifically proven. Too many students spend too much time in prayers and not enough time studying books and other records, doing analytical comparisons, writing critiques and judgments, or questioning source material. Scholarship is a science—not a faith. Scientific thinking and scientific research coupled with the need for scientific writing that falls under peer review is seldom welcomed as Perú is held hostage by organized religion.

Juan Luis cardinal Ciprian Thorne

The one university of higher learning in Perú that has reached world acclaim and attention is the Catholic Pontifical University in Lima, but with its acceleration towards objectivity, Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne, an Opus Dei cardinal and the son of two supernumeraries (supernumeraries compose 70% of the clandestine organization: the article has been reprinted numerous times on numerous blogs) cardinal-archbishop of Lima, who is struggling to force the university, faculty, and students under the iron fist of Opus Dei. While popular with predatory popes and cardinals, and with 52% of the poor of Perú, Cipriani Thorne lost four times an election to head the Peruvian Episcopal Conference (CEP). In September 2011, the university rightfully rejected a request by the Vatican to bring its statutes in line with the apostolic exhortation Ex Corde Ecclesiae or risk losing its status as a Catholic and pontifical institution. This taut theological terrorist attack was rejected by the university who saw it as Cipriani’s way to force Opus Dei into the university and run a one-time highly respectable university so that Opus Dei can destroy the Pontifical’s credibility and worldview (read here and here).

Marcial Rubio (rector of the Pontifical University, Lima, Peru)

On September 20th the courageous and democracy-prone President of the Pontificia Universidad Católica del Peru, Marcial Rubio, the Research Vice-President, Pepi Patrón, and Legal advisor, Francisco Eguiguren, on behalf of a group of university authorities, faculty, and student representatives, filed a petition before the IACHR claiming that the Constitutional Court of Perú violated provisions of the American Convention on Human Rights and the Protocol of San Salvador, and the rules of due process in a March 2010 resolution (03347-2009-PA/TC) published a month later. The University filed an amparo petition before the Constitutional Court seeking protection against the threat to its autonomy and property rights posed by the Archbishop of Lima through his appointee, Mr. Walter Muñoz-Cho. The amparo petition noted that: The Archbishop of Lima, Cardinal Juan Luis Cipriani, is a leading member of Opus Dei, who vocally opposes PUCP’s autonomy. Peru’s Constitutional Court ruled against the University petition and distorted the amparo claim by introducing wrongful considerations regarding autonomy, property, and even the nature of the relations between PUCP and the Archbishop of Lima. This resolution affects the individual rights of the members of the entire PUCP community. It threatens rights such as freedom of association, and freedom of thought and expression, enshrined in the American Convention on Human Rights. It also undermines the right to education, as defined in Article 13° of the Additional Protocol on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights especially clauses relating to the relationship between education and effective participation in a pluralistic democratic society and promoting tolerance, the right to freely choose the type of education to receive and the right to establish and direct educational institutions under the laws in force.

Pontifical University in Lima, Perú

Attempting to throw its theological threats around, the Vatican ordered the rector of the Pontifical University to “visit Rome”. The fact that the Pontifical in Lima was the only Perú university to make it into the top three hundred list of accredited universities that had a competent staff and actually taught subject matter meant nothing to the venal Vatican bureaucracy. The majority of Perú universities rank in the 4000 to 5000 range of excellence in the world, with Perú ranking last in the areas of mathematics, sciences, and the arts, as presented by Perú television station Panamericana. Even more startling and adding to the hatred of the cardinal of Lima for the Pontifical is that the Catholic university actually has a respectable and reasonable library, encourages research and investigation, and places emphasis on the conduct or inquiry and subsequent publication of the material. This is unlike any university in the provinces where the idea of investigation, research, and publication is relatively new and seldom experienced, with the publications being at best mediocre. What is important to remember is that the faculty at these provincial universities are at last, after a troubled history of being involved in local politics realize that their faculties must continue their studies and show their skills in published research.

What Cipriani Thorne pushed and the wretched worrisome Ratzinger did was to match everything that Galileo was subject to, as the Vatican had passed over to its favorite rottweiler: Josef Ratzinger who spent most of his short pontificate protecting pedophile clergy, especially pedophile prelates such as the cardinal of Scotland.

Cardinal Erdő

On October 24, 2011, according to the newspaper La Republica, Martin Mejorada, the legal representative of the Pontifical university said, “[i]n no way will we accept any imposition made by Cardinal Erdo. We are governed solely by Peruvian law”. Mejordad finally had the courage of the sixteenth century in telling the church to stay in its sphere of influence: religion, and stay out of the world of education. In so many words, Mejorada was repeating what scholars have said for generations, that education was neither indoctrination nor open to the closing of the conduct of inquiry.

Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne called in Cardinal Peter Erdo of Esztergom-Budapest, Hungary to threaten the university with a loss of its pontifical status since he was denied a seat on its board of directors. Erdo was a self-conscious prelate pondering his chances of being pope and wanting to restore the old world order of states subordinate to the church. The university, courageously and forcefully said “No!” out of concern for Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne’s Opus Dei views and membership as the Vatican makes the unfounded claim that the university is its property (in keeping with the medieval mortmain of absolute control and the rejection of human rights destroyed by the favorites of the popes and bought cardinalities (“the red hat”) for their small children. Among these recipients was the most notorious of the teenage cardinals: Guize de Lorraine, known as Louis I de (1527-1578). Guize de Lorraine was born October 21, 1527, made a bishop of Troyes (constituted an administrator because he was not 27) before his 18th birthday on May 11, 1545, and was the nephew of Cardinal Jean de Lorraine (1518), and a brother of Cardinal Charles I de Guise de Lorraine (1547) whose scandalous life even surprised the French. He was the uncle of Cardinal Louis II de Guise (1578), and grand-uncle of Cardinal Louis III de Guise (1615) before having an illegitimate daughter named Anne de Arne; cf. Cardella, Lorenzo (1793). Memorie storiche de’ cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, IV, 335-336; Chacón, Alfonso (1630). Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae: Typis Vaticanis, II, col. 1601; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van (1935). Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, Münich: Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae; reprint, Padua: Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, III, 33, 71, 101, 242, 298 and 317; Fisquet, Honoré-Jean-Pierre (1864-1873). La France pontificale (Gallia Christiane); histoire chronologique et biographique des archevêques et évêques de tous les diocèses de France depuis l’établissement du Christianisme jusqu’à nos jours, divisée en 18 provinces ecclésiastiques. 2nd ed. 21 vols. Paris : E. Repos, vol. 19. “Sens et Auxerre”, 123-125; Gams, Pius Bonifatius (1957). Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae. 3 v. in 1. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, p. 293.

Officially, the youngest cardinal was only twelve years of age when the red hat was placed on his head–a head to small to keep the hat in place. The new cardinal was Robert de Nobili (1541-1559), the son of Vincenzo de’ Nobili, count of Civitella, and Maddalena Barbolani, of the counts of Montatoobili. Great-nephew of Pope Julius III (who made him a cardinal at age 12) in exchange for gold. Julius III was a “brother” on his mother’s side. Robert had an Uncle [more like a brother] Cardinal Francesco Sforza (1583). Robert, who openly admitted he entered the church “to become rich” participated in the first conclave of 1555, which elected Pope Marcellus II, and participated in the second conclave of 1555 which elected the thoroughly corrupt Pope Paul IV. Read Burkle-Young, Francis A. and Michael Leopoldo Doerrer (1997). The life of Cardinal Innocenzo del Monte: a scandal in scarlet; together with materials for a history of the House of Ciocchi del Monte San Savino. Lewiston, NY : E. Mellen Press, 1997. (Renaissance studies, v. 2), pp. 110-116; Cardella, Lorenzo (1793). Memorie storiche de’ cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, IV, 332-335; Chacón, Alfonso (1630). Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae: Typis Vaticanis, II, col. 1601-1603; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van (1935). Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, Münich: Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1935; reprint, Padua: Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, III, 33 and 74. That Robert was the youngest cardinal in the Renaissance / Counter-Reformation Roman Catholic Church is in dispute, however, with evidence emerging that there was at least one younger cardinal. He should not be confused with another Robert de Nobili who was a Jesuit who went as an unwelcomed missionary to Southern India, for he was born in 1577. He alienated the Vatican through a policy he styled as accommodatio: adopting local customs and practices that he did not believe contradicted established Roman Catholic rituals and beliefs.

According to Burkle-Young, The life of Cardinal Innocenzo [Giocchi] del Monte, p. 111, argues that Luis Antonio Jaime de Borbón y Farnesio, son of King Felipe V of Spain, who was seven years old when he was the youngest cardinal ever created until December 19, 1735, by Pope Clement XII. The cardinal’s hate was assured after the pope made the child perpetual administrator of the temporal matters of the archdiocese of Toledo on November 10, 1735. He was not required and never took any “sacred orders” and was never a priest. He resigned his cardinalate because of his “strong sexual urges” in a private and secret consistory with Benedict XIV on December 18, 1754. Read: Cardella, Lorenzo (1794). Memorie storiche de’ cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. 9 vols. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, VIII, 276-277; González, R. “Borbón, Luis Antonio Jaime de.” Diccionario de historia eclesiástica de España. 4 vols and Supplement. Dirigido por Quintín Aldea Vaquero, Tomás Marín Martínez, José Vives Gatell. Madrid : Instituto Enrique Flórez, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, 1972-1975; Suplemento (1987), I, 274; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recientoris Aevi. Volumen VI (1730-1799). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis “Il Messaggero di S. Antonio” apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1968, pp. ; Tovar Martín, Virginia. “Ventura y desventura de Don Luis Antonio Jaime de Borbón y Farnesio, hermano de Carlos III.” Reales Sitios: Revista del Patrimonio Nacional, 101 (1989), 32-44.

Julius III’s “Innocenzo”

Innocenzo Giocchi del Monte became cardinal at age 17, his own past sullied by numerous sexual “indiscretions”: he was the son of a female beggar, was an illiterate but vivacious and good-looking 14-year-old when he was picked up on the streets of Parma by Cardinal Giovanni Maria Del Monte (Pope Julius III who turned the Vatican into a homosexual stable and issued a papal bull declaring Innocenzo legitimate so that he could stay in the papal apartment. The pope named Innocenzo “Cardinal Nephew”, effectively in charge of all papal correspondence, even though the “body of a god” the youth’s nickname, was barely literate and had difficulty reading and writing so was promoted to the office of Cardinal Secretary of State). Cardinal Giovanni Maria del Monte openly admitted that he had fallen in love with him, and who used favors to ensure the cooperation of the boy’s father, and their sexual activities became common gossip, that in time saw the youth moved to a monastery where he had “a free hand”. Read: Burkle-Young, Francis A. and Michael Leopoldo Doerrer (1997). The life of Cardinal Innocenzo del Monte: a scandal in scarlet; together with materials for a history of the House of Ciocchi del Monte San Savino. Lewiston, NY: E. Mellen Press, 1997. (Renaissance studies, v. 2); Cardella, Lorenzo (1793). Memorie storiche de’ cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, IV, 297-301; Chacón, Alfonso (1558). Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae: Typis Vaticanis, II, col. 1588; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van (1935). Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, Münich: Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae; reprint, Padua: Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, III, 31-32, 61, 75, 76 and 246, “Mirapicen.”, n. 5; Weber, Christoph (1994). Legati e governatori dello Stato Pontificio : 1550-1809. Roma : Ministero per i beni culturali e ambientali, Ufficio centrale per i beni archivistici, 1994. (Pubblicazioni degli archivi di Stato. Sussidi; 7) pp. 149 and 630.; the youngest “pope” (a fiction) was St. Alexander I, who was 16 and deposed when he was 21 in Rome “for secret sins of the flesh”–he was homosexual [all original prints of the above references are in the private library in Perú of this author and can be found in the libraries of major universities), using words similar to that of the curia and Holy Inquisition during the trial of scientist Galileo Galilee on the unfounded charges of heresy (deny the validity of the Old Testament, Joshua 10:13 (plagiarism from ancient Hittite cuneiform records), claim that the sun stood still in its circling the earth). Opus Dei, following the Machiavellian maneuverings and protestations of the unholy scoundrel and flagellant Josemaria Escrivá, refuses free speech for dissent, women the right of determining the destiny of their own bodies, basic human rights, and more in preparation to take over the world and make it into a martial and militant medieval Roman Catholic state (cp. Escriva’s The Way). Escrivá and his nefarious organization were rightfully called “God’s Octopus” so maniacal were his greed, grasp, and lack of principles, that numbered four bishops in the USA, Kansas Governor Sam Brownback, and presidential candidate Rick Santorum, but most especially the sewage-tongued Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne has referred to human rights as “that bullshit!” (in a 1994 interview with Caretas; the better educated in Perú have openly declared, the only “bullshit” is Cipriani Throne).

Some of the students of La Cantuta who were murdered by Montesano’s thugs

A strong supporter of dictators such as Alberto Fujimori and would-be queen, Congresista Martha Chavez, Cipriani-Thorne has publicly declared that the teenage students of La Cantuta who were murdered by the paramilitary thugs “who Cipriani Thorne has declared “dutiful sons of Mother Church”) of Vladimiro Montesinos who ordered that the victims be sodomized before being shot so “they will never enter heaven” were justifiably executed—a claim that has to embolden Martha Chavez to demand her “right” to tear down a memorial raised to the innocents “until every pebble is discarded” (read here and here). Martha [Marta in Perú Spanish] Chavez has the support of most gangster elements in Peru and is quick to draw Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne’s support for her most draconian designs. A schizophrenic psychopath, Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne condemned the peasants who opposed the death penalty of being cowards, and became the insatiable blood-lusting cleric once Abimael Guzmán (the leader of the Shining Path) was captured–the applauded the death penalty but later changed his mind and now opposes capital punishment. Demented and with no training in psychology, Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne has referred to homosexuals as “damaged goods” and demonstrates he has never studied nor read a single medical and psychological treatise on this natural and normal (as defined by the American Psychological Association, the American Psychiatric Association among hundreds of other professional groups in the USA, UK, Europe and Asia and was removed from the classification of being “a disease” by the World Health Organization in 1977; only the most uneducated nations led by theocrats like Cipriani Thorne, radical Islamic ayatollahs [archbishops] and illiterate Christian and Muslim religious leaders in Nigeria and Uganda maintain that this natural state of sexuality is a perversion and demand the death of innocent LGBT people) state among all species.

When not casting cruel aspersions on the increasing LGBT community in Perú, the calamitous Cipriani turns the torn earn of charity away from the pleas of thousands of Perú women to have a safe abortion when the zygote is conceived by an act of rape, incest, or without consent. The stranglehold of religion on the schools prohibits medical specialists from teaching safe therapeutic skills for a save abortion, and outlaws even the discussion of fetal development unless the zygote and fetal cell growth is wrongly defined as being “a child.” Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne has actually outdone Adolf Hitler on duplicity and legislating against the people in an effort to make them forever ignorant, forever poor, and forever slaves of the dying Roman Catholic Church.

Through steamed lenses covered with the blood of his victims, Cipriani Thorn sees his greatest enemies as being the Jesuits who champion human rights in Perú and closets himself with mentally mummified mortals. The same is true of Adventist and other sectarian evangelical schools where doctrine and indoctrination is considered of greater importance than inquiry, education, and learning with the greatest damage done to the sciences (creation is still taught as the genesis of the world, earth’s solar system is detailed as the only universe, etc) and medicine (colds originate because of the drinking of cold water, headaches are the result of thinking evil thoughts inspired by a chimerical Satan, and a woman’s priority is to have children following the Nazi proclamation patterned after a speech by their dead Kaiser Wilhelm II: Kinder, Küche, Kirche that was blessed by Protestant evangelicals and Roman Catholic clergy throughout the Third Reich).

Kinder, Küche, Kirche — Adolf Hitler

“Kinder, Küche, Kirche” was also to become the trumpet blast of the NAZIs that was expounded by Protestants in Germany: the Evangelical Church that openly supported Adolf Hitler who sanctioned the subordination of women. The phrase started to appear in writing in the early 1890s. Marie C. Remick in A Woman’s Travel-notes on England in 1892 was the first to write about it, claiming: “After Germany, where women apparently take no interest in public affairs and seem to obey to the letter the young emperor’s injunction “Let women devote themselves to the three K’s, — die Küche, die Kirche, die Kinder” (kitchen, church, and children), the active interest and influence of English women on all great questions were refreshing.”

Academically, religion belongs in a department of philosophy or literature if it enters a school—otherwise, it must stay in a mosque, synagogue, church, temple, or another religious edifice. Each religion must be compared to all other religions as well as philosophies opposed to religion: atheism, agnosticism, human sciences, free-thinkers, and so forth; the comparison must be academic to broaden knowledge. To do otherwise negates intelligence, acquisition of knowledge unfettered with canons, codes, and contexts that cannot be proven; furthermore, it limits the freedom of the learner and the quest for wisdom (σοφία: sophia). Giving preference to any god or goddess or to any religion is not only a disservice to the serious student but discourages objectivity and learning. All religions are equal as all came out of an uneducated environment seeking some explanation for that which no one had the answers as science had not yet been born, and with the various clergy, science was stifled or stripped of meaning in the same manner as it has been transmogrified throughout Perú as it is in Iowa, Indiana, Ohio, Texas, Alabama, and worse in the USA in the state of Louisiana. Education to live, thrive, and grow must be supported financially, intellectually, and personally: by teachers, administrators, and students who demand access to truth and are willing to pay the price by studying: reading, writing, analyzing, debating, and being able to critique that which is to determine if it is real and still pertinent. It still remains a curse on women in Perú.

Bibliography

Johnson, Samuel (1775). Dictionary. London, England: By subscription.

Krafft-Ebing, Richard von (1893). Psychopathia Sexualis. Stuttgart, F. Enke, 1893.

Remick, Marie C. (1892). A Woman’s Travel-notes on England. Privately published and distributed.

Spears, Richard A. (2007) Dictionary of American Slang and Colloquial Expressions. New York, NY, USA: McGraw-Hill.

http://www.cidh.oas.org/demandas/11.045 La Cantuta Peru 14 de febrero de 2006.pdf – 12/17/2008

Page EW, Villee CA, Villee DB. Human Reproduction, 2nd Edition. W. B. Saunders, Philadelphia, 1976. p. 211.

End Notes

 

  1. http://www.rense.com/general92/7000.htm.
  2. http://www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings/world-university-rankings/2011 cp. http://www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings/world-university-rankings/2011?page=13.
  3. http://news.yahoo.com/monsignors-mutiny-revealed-vatican-leaks-140524856.html.
  4. http://www.opusdei.us/art.php?p=42741.
  5. Bibl. Vat., Vat. gr. 1209; Gregory-Aland no. B/03.
  6. Londres, Biblioteca Británica, Add. 43725; Gregory-Aland n.º א (Aleph) o 01.
  7. http://www.opusdei.us/art.php?p=42741.
  8. http://articles.baltimoresun.com/2000-09-05/news/0009060286_1_vargas-alzamora-tang-tin.
  9. http://www.rnw.nl/english/bulletin/pedophile-scandal-engulfs-church-latin-america.
  10. http://clericalwhispers.blogspot.com/2012/02/peru-cardinal-ciprianis-candidacy-as.html.
  11. http://www.cidh.oas.org/annualrep/98eng/Admissibility/Peru 11045.htm – 01/14/2005 and http://www.cidh.oas.org/demandas/11.045 La Cantuta Peru 14 de febrero de 2006.pdf – 12/17/2008.
  12.  http://www.une.edu.pe/.
  13. Watch http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ciUe_l3hSYI  and http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Je3s73kjtKE.
  14. http://ph.news.yahoo.com/photos/peruvian-congresswoman-martha-chavez-shouts-she-points-copy-photo-210019073.html.
  15. Conaghan, Catherine M. (2005). Fujimori’s Peru: Deception in the Public Sphere. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press, p. 69.
  16. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H8JGm2Ok0rY and http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZAreNqrb46E.
  17. http://www.arthuride.com/paititi-and-fujimori-corruption-theft-and-murder-in-peru/ and http://www.peruviantimes.com/24/truth-commission-report-could-be-added-to-curricula-in-2013-minister/14770/http://www.peruviantimes.com/24/truth-commission-report-could-be-added-to-curricula-in-2013-minister/14770/.
  18. http://globalvoicesonline.org/2013/11/06/peruvians-protest-against-pro-fujimori-congresswoman/ and http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9FAqB-2mdNQ.
  19. http://www2.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB72/ includes documents relating to Fujimori, Las Colinas, Montesinos, and those who wanted a full pogrom in Perú. On Human Rights in Perú, read the October 19 article at https://www.facebook.com/Perusupport.
  20. After World War II, Hudal was in the forefront of the NAZI Roman Catholic clergy who helped establish the ratline.
  21. Aarons, Mark, and Loftus, John (1991). Unholy Trinity: The Vatican, The Nazis, and the Swiss Bankers.  New York, NY, USA: St Martins Press; revised 1998), p. 36.  After the defeat of the NAZIs the corrupt Catholic clergy had the help of a novice by the name of Josef Ratzinger who had been a NAZI youth; Pope Pius XII the least saintly of all popes in the twentieth century before the elevation of John Paul II of Poland had hoped that the Holocaust would lead to the conversion of the Jews.[1. Phayer, Michael. (2008). Pius XII, The Holocaust, and the Cold War. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Indiana University Press, p. 182 details how the Vatican and the popes actually led to the rehabilitation of the ratline.
  22. Constantine elevated Paulinity under the name of Christianity, but censored and ordered burned many books and letters that gave evidence of a different Jesus and god than the one Constantine wanted to be worshiped.  Among those works that were rejected and then consigned to fire (but before which a few stalwart believers moved out of the empire before the Holocaust of dissenters and tracts) included: The Acts of Andrew, The Acts of John, The Acts of Paul, The Apocalypse of Peter, the Epistle of Barnabas, The Gospel of Hebrews, The Gospel of Matthias, The Gospel of Peter, The Gospel of Thomas, The Shepherd of Hermas, The Teachings of the Apostles, etc.
  23. Hudal, Alois C. (1976). Römische Tagebücher : Lebensbeichte eines alten Bischofs . Graz & Stuttgart : Stocker.
  24. http://diariocorreo.pe/ultimas/noticias/6230413/edicion+lima/bruce-al-cardenal-cipriani-no-voy-a-contest includes a taped recording of the primate. Cf. http://diariocorreo.pe/ultimas/noticias/6230152/edicion+lima/cipriani-a-bruce-no-hemos-nombrado-congresi.
  25. http://www.lifesitenews.com/news/tens-of-thousands-of-peruvians-march-in-opposition-to-the-legalization-of-a.
  26. Page EW, Villee CA, Villee DB (1976). Human Reproduction, 2nd Edition. Philadelphia, PA, USA: W. B. Saunders, Philadelphia. p. 211.
  27. This argument is given in Book I, Chapter 5, of the Almagest (Crowe, Michael J. (1990). Theories of the World from Antiquity to the Copernican Revolution. Mineola, NY, USA: Dover Publications, pp.60–62).
  28. Saldaña-Gastulo JJ, Quezada-Osoria CC, Peña-Oscuvilca A, Mayta-Tristán P. (March 2010) (“High frequency of plagiarism in medical thesis from a Peruvian public university”) Revista Peruna de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica. 27(1):63-7. Plagiarism, of course, is everywhere, even in writing: http://publishingperspectives.com/2012/11/plagiarism-problem-plagues-150000-prize-winner-from-peru/.
  29. Reyes H, Palma J, Andresen M. (April 2007). (“Ethics in articles published in medical journals”.) Revista Médica de Chile. 135(4):529-33
  30. http://www.scribd.com/doc/6293586/World-Economic-Forum-Annual-Report-20062007.
  31. http://archive.livinginPerú.com/news-5061-education-Perú-ranked-last-world-quality-education.
  32. http://chimbote.diariolaprimeraperu.com/noticia.php?IDnoticia=15075.
  33. http://utero.pe/2008/08/14/otorongo-si-come-pollo/utero.
  34. http://historico.pj.gob.pe/imagen/documentos/..%5C..%5CCorteSuprema%5Cdocumentos%5CEXP_008-2008_JOSE_ANAYA_11022011.pdf.
  35. http://peru21.pe/noticia/213851/congresista-union-peru-metido-otro-escandalo.
  36. http://www.americanwomensuck.com/ and http://www.nomarriage.com/ and http://www.dont-marry.com/ and http://www.angryharry.com/ and http://www.ukmm.org.uk/ and http://www.misandryreview.com/ and http://www.menarebetterthanwomen.com/ and http://www.mensdefense.org/ and http://exposingfeminism.wordpress.com/ to cite but a few; most are evangelical extremists who mistranslate and misinterpret especially the words attributed to a St. Paul where women have a life mission of serving men and staying silent.
  37. http://darylpeveto.photoshelter.com/gallery/The-Other-Path-The-Black-Market-Economies-of-Peru/G0000gdS6kp3GEoI/.
  38. http://archive.peruthisweek.com/blogs/business/1309.
  39. http://elcomercio.pe/wikileaks-Perú/257.
  40. http://www.4icu.org/pe/.
  41. https://www.tmf-group.com/en/news-insights/articles/top-challenges/doing-business-in-peru/.
  42. https://www.ganintegrity.com/portal/country-profiles/peru/. Cf. https://www.trade.gov/country-commercial-guides/peru-market-challenges. Cp. https://blogs.worldbank.org/latinamerica/peru-corruption-places-greater-burden-poor-and-hampers-development. Re: http://www.worldcomplianceassociation.com/noticias/noticia_doc_wca__seg_230719_860076.pdf.
  43. http://www.guardian.co.uk/news/datablog/2010/dec/07/world-education-rankings-maths-science-reading.
  44. http://hamptonroads.com/node/283901.
  45. Perú law requires that any institution offering a doctoral program and a doctorate degree must have faculty who already earned the doctorate.  There are no native Ph. D.s that I am aware of, as those whom I have met either earned the degree in the USA or Cuba, and the others created their own certificates or merely claimed the doctorate when none existed; this was especially true in the provinces where some faculty claimed to earn a Ph.D. in Education, what the true doctorate in that specialty is an Ed.D.
  46. http://cosmiclog.msnbc.msn.com/_news/2010/09/01/5028472-hawking-says-gods-not-needed-so.
  47. http://www.nyskies.org/articles/pazmino/pope&sci.htm.
  48. http://www.supertopo.com/climbing/thread.php?topic_id=1303452&tn=0&mr=0.
  49. http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/cosmicvariance/2011/08/02/hawking-and-god-on-the-discovery-channel/.
  50. https://www.nytimes.com/2022/06/12/us/idaho-pride-white-supremacists-arrested.html and https://www.npr.org/2022/06/15/1104481518/idaho-pride-lgbtq-patriot-front and https://www.npr.org/2022/06/20/1106112160/patriot-front-extremists-lbgtq-pride and https://www.cnn.com/2022/06/11/us/31-people-arrested-for-conspiracy-to-riot-near-idaho-pride-parade/index.html. Cf. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/crime/names-released-idaho-patriot-front-pride-men-b2099837.html. Cf. https://www.dailykos.com/stories/2022/7/11/2109620/–Antithetical-to-our-values-Newspaper-pulls-guest-column-defending-Proud-Boys-off-its-website?detail=emaildkre&pm_source=DKRE&pm_medium=email.
  51. https://www.lgbtqnation.com/2022/07/lgbtq-senior-housing-vandalized-hateful-messages-fats-will-die-fire/.
  52. https://www.lgbtqnation.com/2022/07/year-anti-lgbtq-terrorist-attack-tbilisi-pride-looks-ahead/. Cp. https://www.lgbtqnation.com/2022/07/mob-conservative-mothers-demand-library-burn-pride-display-books/.
  53. https://www.rollingstone.com/politics/politics-news/lgbtq-fbi-patriot-front-proud-boys-1375145/. Cf. https://www.npr.org/2022/06/20/1106112160/patriot-front-extremists-lbgtq-pride. Cp. https://www.pbs.org/newshour/show/why-far-right-groups-are-increasingly-targeting-the-lgbtq-community. https://www.nytimes.com/2022/06/12/us/idaho-pride-white-supremacists-arrested.html. For Texas involvement in the debacle of Proud Boys and Patriot Front, read https://www.texastribune.org/2022/06/13/idaho-pride-riot-texas/. For citizen action against the hate groups, consider https://www.nbcnews.com/think/opinion/philadelphia-bystanders-ran-patriot-front-out-town-it-won-t-ncna1273283; https://www.adl.org/resources/backgrounder/patriot-front.
  54. http://www.unprg.edu.pe/univ/portal/index.php
  55. Plato, Apology 37e-38a.
  56. https://www.deseret.com/2001/12/31/19629030/n-m-pastor-leads-flock-in-potter-book-burning, and https://www.irishexaminer.com/lifestyle/arid-30034909.html, and https://www.theguardian.com/world/2002/jan/01/books.harrypotter.
  57. https://www.washingtonpost.com/national-security/2022/06/17/lgbtq-pride-violence/ and https://www.washingtonpost.com/nation/2022/06/12/idaho-patriot-front-arrested/ and https://www.nbcnews.com/nbc-out/out-news/texas-pastor-says-gay-people-shot-back-head-shocking-sermon-rcna32748 and https://www.newsweek.com/pastor-gay-people-solution-killings-bible-1714037, etc.
  58. https://www.bbc.com/news/av/world-us-canada-49429661 and https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2019/11/25/rick-perry-trump-gods-chosen-one/4295185002/ and https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lzlxrPC_E_U.
  59. https://www.thoughtco.com/donald-trumps-press-secretaries-4125913.
  60. https://www.vanityfair.com/news/2022/07/herschel-walker-secret-children-pathological-liar-georgia-senate, and https://newsone.com/4369022/herschel-walker-lies/.
  61. Ide, Arthur Frederick (2004). Crucifixion: What the Bible Really Says. Chicago, IL, USA: Sepore.
  62. The fraud is the subject of Winfried Hümpfner (1923), Clemens Brentanos Glaubwürdigkeit in seinen Emmerick-Aufzeichnungen; Untersuchung über die Brentano-Emmerick-frage unter erstmaliger Benutzung der tagebücher Brentanos Würzburg, St. Rita-verlag und -druckere; cp. Suzanne Stahl, “Between God and Gibson: German Mystical and Romantic Sources of ‘The Passion of the Christ”, The German Quarterly Vol. 78, No. 4, Fall, 2005).
  63. https://newsbeezer.com/perueng/petersburg-cesar-hildebrandt-on-cesar-acuna-a-professional-plagiarist-says-the-presidents-thesis-is-valid-politics/, and https://perureports.com/cesar-acuna-may-lose-degree-after-plagiarism-revealed-in-thesis/3135/, and https://www.efe.com/efe/english/world/peruvian-presidential-candidate-accused-of-plagiarism-in-writing-thesis/50000262-2822810, and https://dailycaller.com/2016/01/28/prez-candidate-peru-plagiarized-phd-thesis/, etc. I tried to bring this to the attention of the UCV Chiclayo’s president, as I had discovered it before the news broke, but was reprimanded and ordered not to reveal my finding or lose my position at the university

2 comments to Education in Peru is failing and what can be done to restore it (expanded and revised edition)

  • Bobbie  says:

    This is a very interesting article. It’s appalling that Peruvian students are learning trash English from people supposedly qualified to teach them.

  • Paul Pearson  says:

    Wow, Art, that was long! Okay, fine points, but a bit wandering. Each time I came back to read the next section I mostly forgot what I had read the day before.

    Yes, there’s a lot America can learn, but it’d be nice to see your take on the system here. I do appreciate your insight from the time you lived in Peru, which gives your discussion meaningful insight.

    Peace out. Pearsonally.com

Leave a reply

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.